Introducing New Evidence on Gurdjieff’s Constantinople Period
After the October 1917 coup in Russia and during the ensuing Civil War (1917–1920 / 22), Constantinople became the main transshipment point for Russian refugees fleeing communist rule. In 1918–1923, this huge city on
The often-asked question of why John Chrysostom failed at Constantinople after showing so much promise at Antioch is invariably answered, one way or another, through a focus on the Syrian’s unique character traits. 1 Analysis of John’s management of the Constantinopolitan clergy proffers no
Constantinople and elsewhere in the Ottoman Empire. 6
Following a similar path, this article relies on documentation from the Archivio di Stato di Venezia and Archivo General de Simancas . An analysis of what foreign ambassadors and spies reported to their governments regarding myriad forms of diplomatic
Societies/National Endowment for Humanities Fellowship 2009/10; American Research Institute in Turkey/National Endowment for Humanities Fellowship 2009/10, and Central European University’s Individual Research Scheme Grant (Summer 2011).
In a dispatch sent from Constantinople to Venice on