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Author: Jan Stievermann

on account of their geographical isolation and cultural as well as religious backwardness. In recent years, a number of studies on the biblical interpretations of Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) and Cotton Mather have started to challenge that view, and this piece pushes further in the same direction

In: Grotiana
In: New Heaven and New Earth. Prophecy and the Millennium
This volume consists of 23 essays that have appeared in 19 different journals and other publications during a period of over 40 years, together with an introduction. The essays deal primarily with the relations between Jews and non-Jews during the period from Alexander the Great to the end of the Roman Empire, in five areas: Josephus; Judaism and Christianity; Latin literature and the Jews; the Romans in Rabbinic literature; and other studies in Hellenistic Judaism. The topics include a programmatic essay comparing Hebraism and Hellenism, pro-Jewish intimations in Apion and in Tacitus, the influence of Josephus on Cotton Mather, Philo's view on music, the relationship between pagan and Christian anti-Semitism, observations on rabbinic reaction to Roman rule, and new light from inscriptions and papyri on Diaspora synagogues.
This volume is a collection of essays on prophecy and apocalyptic, and is compiled in honour of Anthony Gelston. The theme has been chosen to coincide with the dawn of the new millennium in the year 2000. The essays examine the following: Balaam's oracles in Numbers, Philo and the Aramaic Targums; the future in the Books of Chronicles; Job 19:25; the shape of the Psalter; Isaiah 11:6-9; Isaiah 51:6; the value of human life in Ezekiel; Calvin, Pusey and Robertson Smith's commentaries on Hosea; Qoheleth, Hosea and attribution in biblical literature; the social background of Malachi; apocalyptic and early Jewish wisdom literature; Judith, Tobit, Ahiqar and History; 1 Corinthians 15:54; Revelation 4-5; the writings of Aphrahat, Šubḥalmaran, George Stanley Faber and Cotton Mather.

that enabled scholars to apprehend the imminence of the messiah. This realization did not result in a wholesale adjustment to the Puritans’ beliefs concerning Jewish damnation. It did, however, inspire Cotton Mather and Ezra Stiles to assert the spiritual worthiness of their own scholarly enterprises

In: Kabbalah in America
In: Studies in Hellenistic Judaism

California's dream of boundless frontiers continues to lure religious seekers. This state, whose shores overlook the expansive Pacific Ocean, offers a place for the spirit to roam free in search of new vistas. The frontier is, as Cotton Mather once wrote, “a temporary condition through which we are

In: The Brill Dictionary of Religion Online

[German Version] I. Increase – II. Cotton (Jun 21, 1639, Dorchester, MA – Aug 23, 1723, Boston, MA), one of the dominant figures of New England Puritanism's (Puritans and Puritanism) second generation. The son of pioneer pastor Richard Mather and the father of polymath Cotton Mather (2.), he led

In: Religion Past and Present Online

The strange events that happened in Salem in 1692 have resulted in hundreds of historical and literary works. Besides, the records of the preliminary examinations have reached our days. However, these primary sources do not explain what caused the most famous witch-hunt in the United States, and this lack of information has led to different representations of the events and of the people involved in them. One of the main objectives of the researchers involved in clarifying this historical event is to find people to blame for what happened. Normally, the clergy and the judicial authorities have been held responsible for the shedding of innocent blood, and some individuals belonging to these two groups have been singled out. This is the case of the famous Cotton Mather, and Samuel Parris, the minister of Salem Village. During the 19th century, several works of fiction dealt with these historical events. One of their general features is that we can always find someone to blame and to be characterized as the ‘villain’ of the Salem proceedings. Thus, the aim of this paper is to show who these people are and what are the different representations we can find of them in 19th century fiction, in order to see if there is one or more ‘villains’ and if authors of fiction agree with the real history of what happened in 1692.

In: Villains and Heroes, or Villains as Heroes? Essays on the Relationship between Villainy and Evil