Resolving benefice disputes after the Great Schism:
The survival of the council of Constance's 4 ]uly 1415 decrees
'Omnia et singula' and 'Pro majori pace' in two disputes from
Auch and Rieti brought before the rota auditor
Gimignano Inghirami at the time of the councilofBasle.
In 1433 the hussite delegation in Basle wanted to discuss the Four Articles according to the pacts of Eger (the “judge of Eger”), i.e. primarily according to the Bible. The delegates insisted on persuading the other party or on being persuaded by it; they weren’t willing to become a conciliar minority because the decision-making processes were based on the majority-principle. Furthermore, the Council offered a different “judge”: It was the Council itself, because the infallible Church beheld the “monopoly” of the Bible exegesis and transmitted this monopoly to the Synod. In this way it became less relevant to discuss the specific topics of the Four Articles. The Hussites, however, remained outside this doctrine, which was fundamental for the legitimacy of the conciliar decision-making process: they didn’t recognize this new judge and didn’t subdue to him.
The principle of majority elections has been developed in canon law, especially in the area of episcopal und papal elections. The ecclesiastical majority principle has also shaped the forms of voting in secular law. Controversies concerning the system could easily arise, when members of the minority refused to comply with the majority’s decision, as happened in 1437 at the Council of Basle with regard to the removal of the council to another city, or in 1529 at the 2nd Diet of Speyer concerning the Edict of Worms. To avoid open dissension after elections in the early Middle Ages unsuccessful voters were compelled to adopt the majority’s decision (Folgezwang). Later on proceedings were developed to avoid controversial elections altogether.
studied law from 1423 at Siena, and made an thorough study of the Latin classics. From 1432 he was active at the CouncilofBasle as secretary to a cardinal, and he quickly rose to take more responsibilities...
use of quaestiones 498
conciliar treatise (Tractatus brevior) 263,
distinction between church as corpus
politicum and mysticum 514
support of CouncilofBasle, Felix V,
and conciliar superiority 513–514
discusses criteria for truth 353–4
lectures on Sentences using Utrum Deus
zwischen Routine und Revolution. [Tradition – Reform – Innovation, Studien zur Modernität des Mittelalters, 8]. Peter Lang, [Frankfurt am Main usw. 2005]. 508 S. The CouncilofBasle (1431–1449), which in 1438 deposed Pope Eugene IV (1388–1447) as a heretic and in the same year elected a new Pope, Felix V
C. Tatnall, The condemnation of John Wyclif at the Council of Constance. 13. A.N.E.D. Schofield, Some aspects of english representation at the Coun- cil of Basle. 14. A.i. Black, The CouncilofBasle and the Second Vatican Council. 15. Basil Hall, The Colloquies between Catholics and Protestants
(Oxford, 1955), pp. 78-79, 86-87, 202.
4 Cf. Dickinson: «The year 1435 marked a turning point in the Hundred
Years War. . . . The papacy had for many years worked to end the Anglo
French war and the councilofBasle was eager that successful diplomatic inter
vention in Europe should
: The survival
of the council of Constance's 4 July 1415 decrees omnia et singula and pro
majori pace in two disputes from Auch and Rieti brought before the rota
auditor Gimignano Inghirami at the time of the councilofBasle.................................... 321
Enrico DAL COVOLO, Vicende
voordrachtenreeks licht ik tenslotte de titels van een drietal dat in het bijzonder voor de kennis van de (post-)reformatie- tijd van belang is: A. J. Black, The CouncilofBasle and the second Vatican Council; Basil Hall, The Colloquies between Catholics and Protestants 1539-41, en W. B. Patterson, King James I