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Michael Carasik

, and in this case the literary technique has a name, coined for it by Cyrus Gordon: Janus parallelism. 12 In this technique, a word or expression has one meaning when one reads up to it, but what follows encourages or forces the reader to go back and give a second, different meaning to the same word


Wilfred Watson and Nicolas Wyatt

Over the past seven decades, the scores of publications on Ugarit in Northern Syria (15th to 11th centuries BCE) are so scattered that a good overall view of the subject is virtually impossible. Wilfred Watson and Nicolas Wyatt, the editors of the present Handbook in the series Handbook of Oriental Studies, have brought together and made accessible this accumulated knowledge on the archives from Ugarit, called 'the foremost literary discovery of the twentieth century' by Cyrus Gordon.
In 16 chapters a careful selection of specialists in the field deal with all important aspects of Ugarit, such as the discovery and decipherment of a previously unknown script (alphabetic cuneiform) used to write both the local language (Ugaritic) and Hurrian and its grammar, vocabulary and style; documents in other languages (including Akkadian and Hittite), as well as the literature and letters, culture, economy, social life, religion, history and iconography of the ancient kingdom of Ugarit. A chapter on computer analysis of these documents concludes the work. This first such wide-ranging survey, which includes recent scholarship, an extensive up-to-date bibliography, illustrations and maps, will be of particular use to those studying the history, religion, cultures and languages of the ancient Near East, and also of the Bible and to all those interested in the background to Greek and Phoenician cultures.

Jonas Sibony

’ouest du deuxième millénaire. Depuis, certaines études d’ampleur ont vu le jour comme les travaux de Cyrus Gordon Ugaritic Manual 3 (1947), puis Ugaritic Textbook 4 (1965), la Basic Grammar of the Ugaritic Language 5 (1985) de Stanislav Segert et, plus récemment, A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language

Mayer Gruber

Eastern World: A Tribute to Cyrus Gordon (She ffi eld, 1998), pp. 88–102; id., “Three Failed Dialogues from the Biblical World,” in Journal of Psychology and Judaism 22 (1998), pp. 51–64. 9 Isaac Kalimi, Early Jewish Exegesis and Theological Controversy (Assen, 2002), p. 115, citing Brevard S. Childs

Siam Bhayro

magic texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Cairo Genizah, 18 while, in an article with Dan Levene, the significance of the appearance of the divorce theme in a Genizah magic recipe book is discussed. 19 Similarly, Ortal-Paz Saar has improved our understanding of a bowl originally edited by Cyrus

Robert Ratner

.), The Bible and the Ancient Near East: Essays in Honor of W. F. Albright (Garden City and Lon- don, 1961), pp. 55-72, especially pp. 62-3. 81 tain examples of this morpheme have never before been closely scrutinized. Proposed Evidence Cyrus Gordon was the first to uncover examples of the t- prefor

Ian Rutherford

of the Sphinx and Other Studies in Egypto-Greek Mythology (see: Black Athena vol 1 (above, n.2), 63-73), but this has not yet appeared. Greek culture was heavily in fl uenced by a process di ff usion from the Near East has become dominant paradigm in the fi eld. The pioneering work was done by Cyrus

Markham J. Geller

wife by stripping her naked and sending her forth into the wilderness with the words, ky by' l' šry m'nky l' yfh, "since she is not my wife and I am not her husband". As Cyrus GORDON has previously shown, the Hosea passage is not solely allegorical, but represents a prevalent divorce procedure

Frederick E. Greenspahn

. Friedrich, "Göttersprache und Menschensprache im hethitischen Schrift- tum", Sprachgeschichte und Wortbedeutung, Festschrift Albert Debrunner (Bern, 1954), pp. 135-9; I am grateful to Prof. Cyrus Gordon for this reference. 27) A better approach for the identification of individual style relies on the most

Matthew Morgenstern

’ ( MD 101 ) and גר ‘to shake; (of light) to flicker’ ( MD 425 ), which make reference to a bowl publication by Cyrus Gordon. 4) J.H. Petermann, Thesaurus sive Liber Magnus vulgo ‘Liber Adami’ appellatus: opus Mandaeorum summi ponderis ( 2 vols.; Leipzig: Weigel, 1867 ); Julius Euting, Qolasta oder