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Fayyad Alqudah

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/157302508X374401 Arab Law Quarterly 22 (2008) 359-386 www.brill.nl/alq Arab Law Quarterly The Legal Protection of Databases: a Study of Jordanian Law Fayyad Alqudah* Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Jordan Abstract This article

Alan Bovik, Lawrence Cormack, Ian Van Der Linde and Umesh Rajashekar

Spatial Vision , Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 161 – 177 (2009) © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009. Also available online - www.brill.nl/sv DOVES: a database of visual eye movements IAN VAN DER LINDE 1 , 2 , ∗ , UMESH RAJASHEKAR 1 , 3 , ALAN C. BOVIK 1 and LAWRENCE K. CORMACK 1 1 Center for Perceptual

Text Databases

One Database Model and Several Retrieval Languages

Series:

Christ-Jan Doedens

Manipulation of text by means of the computer is well-established. Everybody has a word processor on his or her desk, and electronic mail, desk top publishing, text interchange languages, hypertext and multimedia are technologies many will be aware of.
However, the full potential of the computer for the management and use of textual information has not been tapped yet. Far from it. For this a more principled approach is necessary, which will create a framework on which existing technologies, and technologies-yet-to-come can build and in which they can be integrated.
This book can be seen as one step on this road. It employs the experience gained in working with a rich electronic linguistic corpus, the ECA database. A basic text database model is put forward and several text database retrieval languages are defined and analysed. A clear direction for further research is given.
Therefore, the book is of relevance to researchers and developers in the field of corpus linguistics and in the more general field of electronic text.

Series:

Hans van Halteren

This book is about syntactic databases (a.k.a. treebanks), collections of text material in which the syntactic relations have been made visible. It starts off with a general intro-duction to the subject and then continues with three in-depth investigations of more specialized aspects.
In the introduction, syntactic databases are first placed in the larger context of linguistic databases, text collections with a broader linguistic annotation than just a syntactic one. Then some examples of syntactic databases are given, illustrating the range of annotation actually encountered. The introduction is completed with an investigation of database management systems for syntactic databases.
The first in-depth investigation concerns the treatment of ambiguous structures in syntactic analysis trees, focussing on a very efficient representation for such structures and the means to create this representation. Next, classroom use of syntactic databases is examined. A computer program for this purpose, CLUES, is discussed, along with a suggested series of syntax exercises. The final subject is the importance of including function and attribute information in the annotation of texts. The central line of investigation here is a probabilistic parsing experiment in which the use of function and attribute information is the main variable.

World Religion Database

International Religious Demographic Statistics and Sources

The World Religion Database (WRD) contains detailed statistics on religious affiliation for every country in the world. It is the major source to render a definitive picture of international religious demography. The WRD provides both current and historical data, as well as sophisticated forecasts of future developments. For each of the world’s religions, best estimates at multiple dates for the period 1900 to 2050 are given. The WRD also offers access to the sources which underlie the figures in the database, such as censuses and surveys. Through an interactive feedback mechanism users can leave comments on sources or methodology related to any figure reported in the WRD. The WRD is constantly updated with new sets of data as they become available, such as estimates of religious affiliation at the province level and religious freedom information for all countries in the world. No other database available today is as comprehensive.
Database Functionality - Sort, Modify, Print, or Export query results - Customize reports and download data to generate charts, tables, and graphs - Simple keyword search - Browse pre-formatted directories on country, peoples, religions, etc. - Access user stats (librarians only)
Features and Benefits - Global comparative figures for every major religion - Population and religious adherents for every country and United Nations region - Access to source material on religious affiliation (census and survey figures) - Breakdown of major religions into traditions (e.g. Sunni-Shi’as within Islam) - Multiple data points to compare growth rates (1900, 1950, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2025, 2050) - Feedback mechanism for users to comment on data, sources and methodology - Updated quarterly
Five demo’s with search examples are available on Brill’s Youtube channel. For this, see: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLHM0LYDn_HSMQICsWav13mFYBYV2ft9MN
The World Christian Database (WCD), which complements the World Religion Database, was completely refurbished in 2018. It includes detailed information on 9,000 Christian denominations and on religions in every country of the world. Extensive data are available on 238 countries and 13,000 ethno-linguistic peoples, as well as on 5,000 cities and 3,000 provinces. This extraordinary database is an invaluable reference tool for professionals, scholars, students, agencies, health organizations, and news media. Information is readily available on religious activities, growth rates, religious literature, worker activity, and demography. Additional secular data is included on population, health, education, languages, and communication. All this information makes the WCD an invaluable resource for anyone interested in Christian and religious demography and the history of Christianity. Thousands of sources are evaluated and reviewed on a weekly basis by a professional staff dedicated to expanding and updating the WCD. There is no other resource completely focused on providing global statistics on World Christianity today.

Sources
- A large majority of the data collected for the WCD comes from published and unpublished sources, field work, interviews, and questionnaires - Around 5,000 statistical questionnaires returned by churches and national collaborators over the period 1982-present
- Field surveys and interviews on the spot in over 200 countries
- A mass of unpublished documentation on all countries, collected on the field, including reports, memoranda, photographs, maps, statistical summaries, and historical documents
- Around 4,500 printed contemporary descriptions of churches, describing denominations, movements, countries and confessions
- Officially-published reports of 500 government-organized national censuses of population
- A series of in-depth interviews with bishops, church leaders, and theologians

Detailed Religious and Demographic Statistics include:
- Global comparative figures for every major religion
- Population and religious adherents for every country and United Nations region
- Access to source material on religious affiliation (census and survey figures)
- Breakdown of major religions into traditions (e.g. Sunni-Shi’as within Islam)
- Multiple data points to compare growth rates (1900, 1950, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2025, 2050)
- Feedback mechanism for users to comment on data, sources and methodology
- Population and Adherents (for 1900, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2025, 2050)
- Demographics (birth rate, adult percentage, life expectancy)
- Health (HIV rates, access to water, mortality)
- Education (literacy percentage, schools, universities)
- Communication (scripture access, religious freedom)
- Christian personnel
- Evangelism rates
- Status of missions work
- Lists of Christian denominations in every country
- Country, regional, and global estimates of Pentecostals and Charismatics
- Status of Bible translation

Features and Benefits
- 9,000 Denominations
- 13,000 Ethnolinguistic Peoples
- 5,000 Cities
- 3,000 Provinces
- 238 Countries
- Quarterly updates
- Unique reference tool for professionals, scholars, students, agencies, news media

A demo is available on Brill’s Youtube channel.

Mark Camilleri

national agency whether to make the data publicly available. In 2017, the National Book Council provided open-data access to its ISBN database. According to opendefinition.org (run by the Open Knowledge International and setting out the principles that define ‘openness’ in relation to data and content

R. C. Allen and R. W. Unger

and publish price data (Jorberg, 1972; Gerhard, Kaufhold, & Fricke-Drewitz, 1990). Originally overwhelmingly European, research in price series has recently expanded to include the New World, the Far East and the Middle East. The purpose of mounting our database of prices was to make what material had

Renate Matzke-Karasz

magnifications. Beside these tasks, Eugen took over the responsibility for the institute’s library matters, thus becoming familiar with a field that would become crucial for the future database work. In the 1970s, the editorial and financial responsibilities of the institute’s budget-free journal

J. James, J. James, F. Slater, J. James, F. Slater and J. Cable

demand for records of closely related species to be combined into national databases, in which individual data points have been checked for accuracy and are disseminated in an accessible and consistent format. Here we create a national database, CrayBase, of non-native and native crayfish species for