. Finally, the development of public diplomacy strategies and their coordination by the foreign ministries of Canada and Norway — two countries with widely similar foreign policy agendas but diff erent domesticconstituencies — are then described and compared. Th e paper concludes by suggesting that
, California 93106, USA Abstract. Multi-ethnic societies create special contexts for international negotiations. Chief governmental officers (CGOs) , domesticconstituencies, and public protest may affect both the nature of agreements and the domestic structures of regimes. Employing a two-level negotiations
resistance encountered from both Australia and China’s domesticconstituencies. Part VI concludes.
2. Acfta: its Initiation and Development to Date
For decades, Australia and China have shared a strong and growing trade and economic relationship. Both countries have as their priority to sustain trade
country farmers. Each side was also responding to domesticconstituencies in the positions taken in Geneva.
Contrary to the expectations about a zone of agreement from multiple issues and actors at a multilateral negotiation, the Doha Round deadlock on agriculture remains. Therefore, the case of
/benefit calculations figure increasingly prominently both in China’s decision to launch WTO trade disputes and in its subsequent handling of WTO-related disputes. Importantly, the Chinese leadership is increasingly resorting to the DSM to challenge trade barriers of most pressing concern to domesticconstituencies
article, the authors test whether those domesticconstituencies that benefit from trade of a nation are likely to be the supporter of a harmonious foreign policy toward the trade partner. The test that i...
At first glance, publishing a special issue of The Hague Journal of Diplomacy ( HJD ) on the ‘domestic dimension’ of public diplomacy — that is, considering domestic citizens as part of the concept — may seem an unusual choice. Domesticconstituencies have not traditionally been seen as part of
advanced by important domesticconstituencies and key allies alike? The author ’s answer to that essential question constitutes this book’s second overarching theme: namely, that Johnson’s obsession with credibility–his own personal credibility as well as the nation’s–militated against any show of weakness
ect some ideal-type, but rather because of political pressures emanating from diverse member states, or domesticconstituencies, or the Commission or some other actor: hence, political rationality takes over. In a sense, therewith, the EU administration (like all administration, really) constantly
, public diplomacy literature has repeatedly debated on whether domesticconstituencies and state actors can be integrated.
An analytical device that helps to conceptually capture the strategic publics as holistically as possible should utilize explanatory variables that enable the integration of