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. Finally, the development of public diplomacy strategies and their coordination by the foreign ministries of Canada and Norway — two countries with widely similar foreign policy agendas but diff erent domestic constituencies — are then described and compared. Th e paper concludes by suggesting that

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Author: Kaplan

, California 93106, USA Abstract. Multi-ethnic societies create special contexts for international negotiations. Chief governmental officers (CGOs) , domestic constituencies, and public protest may affect both the nature of agreements and the domestic structures of regimes. Employing a two-level negotiations

In: International Negotiation
Author: Ling Ling He

resistance encountered from both Australia and China’s domestic constituencies. Part VI concludes. 2. Acfta: its Initiation and Development to Date For decades, Australia and China have shared a strong and growing trade and economic relationship. Both countries have as their priority to sustain trade

In: The Journal of World Investment & Trade
Authors: J.P. Singh and Surupa Gupta

country farmers. Each side was also responding to domestic constituencies in the positions taken in Geneva. Contrary to the expectations about a zone of agreement from multiple issues and actors at a multilateral negotiation, the Doha Round deadlock on agriculture remains. Therefore, the case of

In: International Negotiation
Author: Ka Zeng

/benefit calculations figure increasingly prominently both in China’s decision to launch WTO trade disputes and in its subsequent handling of WTO-related disputes. Importantly, the Chinese leadership is increasingly resorting to the DSM to challenge trade barriers of most pressing concern to domestic constituencies

In: Asian Journal of Social Science

article, the authors test whether those domestic constituencies that benefit from trade of a nation are likely to be the supporter of a harmonious foreign policy toward the trade partner. The test that i...

In: The SHAFR Guide Online
Author: Ellen Huijgh

At first glance, publishing a special issue of The Hague Journal of Diplomacy ( HJD ) on the ‘domestic dimension’ of public diplomacy — that is, considering domestic citizens as part of the concept — may seem an unusual choice. Domestic constituencies have not traditionally been seen as part of

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

advanced by important domestic constituencies and key allies alike? The author ’s answer to that essential question constitutes this book’s second overarching theme: namely, that Johnson’s obsession with credibility–his own personal credibility as well as the nation’s–militated against any show of weakness

In: Journal of American-East Asian Relations
Author: Jan Klabbers

ect some ideal-type, but rather because of political pressures emanating from diverse member states, or domestic constituencies, or the Commission or some other actor: hence, political rationality takes over. In a sense, therewith, the EU administration (like all administration, really) constantly

In: International Organizations Law Review
Author: Andreas Pacher

, public diplomacy literature has repeatedly debated on whether domestic constituencies and state actors can be integrated. An analytical device that helps to conceptually capture the strategic publics as holistically as possible should utilize explanatory variables that enable the integration of

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy