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short, the 2004 identification and join of the two fragments as overlapping with CD   IV 16–20 is correct, but the assignment of these fragments to 4Q269 is a case of mistaken identity. 2 The Script of the Two Damascus Document Fragments The script of the two fragments cannot be

In: Dead Sea Discoveries

Qumran, and some eighty years after the publication of the Cairo Genizah manuscripts of the Damascus Document). Needless to say, nascent Christian writings (of Jewish provenance to begin with) find no place between “biblical and rabbinic foundations.” Notwithstanding the negative implications of these

In: Dead Sea Discoveries

interpretation. 1 The Damascus Document The Damascus Document (D) has long been recognized as one of the most important non-biblical texts from Qumran. 1 Two literary sections of D are often referenced: the Admonition and a corpus of laws (cols. 9–16). 2 The Admonition begins with a series of sermon

In: Dead Sea Discoveries

others), 2 but there have been no attempts, to the best of my knowledge, to reconstruct the medieval codex on the basis of the Qumran scrolls. The reconstructions of the Damascus Document provided by Stegemann and by Milik and Baumgarten in the editio princeps are each based on the principle of a

In: Dead Sea Discoveries
Author: Liora Goldman

1 Introduction: Scriptural References and Pesher Exegesis in the Admonitions The ten manuscripts of the Damascus Document found at Qumran (4Q266–273, 5Q12, 6Q15) complement the two copies found in the Cairo Genizah at the end of the 19th century ( CD A, B). The 4QD manuscripts contain a

In: Dead Sea Discoveries
The Midrash on the Eschatological Torah of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Reconstruction, Translation and Commentary
This volume examines twelve ancient and medieval manuscripts, ten from the caves at Qumran and the two so called Damascus Documents from the Cairo Geniza, presenting a new organization and understanding of these texts. The twelve manuscripts are in a composite form under the title Midrash haTorah haAcharon (MTA), the Midrash of the Eschatological Torah, a title which opens a new window into the understanding of the Jewish literary tradition during the period of the Second Temple, prior to the development of the Talmud and Christianity. Following the composite Hebrew text are a full translation, notes and commentary elucidating the MTA in light of the new evidence provided by these texts and retranslation.
Author: Cecilia Wassen
Women in the Damascus Document offers a fresh look at the nature of the community reflected in the Damascus Document, one of the core documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls. By presenting a close and comprehensive study of the references to women and in-depth analyses of biblically based laws in the document, this work attempts to reconstruct the role of women and attitudes toward women within the community. Highlighting the complex nature of the evidence, the author draws attention to a number of rules that reflect a favorable attitude toward women, but also to instances of a patriarchal stance, especially regarding sexuality. Carefully considering all the evidence, the author argues, in contrast to the opinions of many scholars, that women were full members in the community.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (
The Damascus Document is one of the key texts to have been discovered in both spectacular Jewish manuscript discoveries of the 20 th century: the Cairo Genizah and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The legal part of this document has until recently received little scholarly attention. With the recent publication of eight manuscripts of the Damascus Document from cave 4, which provide a substantial amount of additional legal material, the legal part of this document is set to be the focus of research in coming years.
This volume provides a detailed analysis of the Laws of the Damascus Document which fully incorporates the new cave 4 evidence. The author offers a close reading of the text and identifies a number of literary strata as well as a considerable amount of redactional activity.
Proceedings of the Third International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 4-8 February, 1998
The papers published in this volume were presented at the Third International Orion Symposium (1998), to mark the centennial of the discovery of the Damascus Document (CD) in the Cairo Geniza and the final publication of the 4QD manuscripts in the Discoveries in the Judaean Desert series.

Since its discovery, CD has sparked lively debate about its sectarian origins and halacha, issues with far-reaching implications not only for the development of Jewish law but also for the very nature of Second Temple period Judaism and its continuity into the early medieval period.

The contributors examine the physical reconstruction of CD, its relationship to other legal works in the Qumran corpus and to rabbinic law. Essays on specific legal topics, as well as historical perspectives, round out the volume.
Scholars tend to view the Damascus Document as a historical source, but a reading of the text in light of contemporary (audience-oriented) literary criticism finds its emphasis in the ideological construction of history and communal identity, rather than in the preservation of a historical record.
An introduction to contemporary literary criticism is followed by a series of thematic readings, focusing on historical narrative, priestly imagery, and gender in the covenant community. Each theme is examined in terms of its potential for multiple (sometimes contradictory) interpretations and for its place in the larger sectarian discourse.
This study offers an alternative approach to the historiography of ancient Jewish sectarianism, acknowledging the presence of competing claims to shared traditions and the potential for changes in textual interpretation over time or among diverse communities.