Author: Annie Gagiano

generally seen as intended to protect the state from exposure of its villainy. In the present reading of three texts—depicting Malawi under the rule of H. Kamuzu Banda, Ethiopia under the Derg and Kenya over a time-span from the “Mau Mau” 2 revolt until the 2007 elections—the focus is on the nature and

In: Matatu

observations. Keywords elite, symbol, regime, Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, Derg, EPRDF Compared to other African states, Ethiopia has a relatively “strong state” tradition. It is one of only two African countries never to have been colo- nized by European powers. 1 Domestically, political elites play an impor

In: Comparative Sociology
In: Localising Salafism
Religious Change among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia
Author: Terje Østebø
The political transition in 1991 and the new regime’s policy towards the ethnic and religious diversity in Ethiopia have contributed to increased activities from various Islamic reform movements. Among these, we find the Salafi movement which expanded rapidly throughout the 1990s, particularly in the Oromo-speaking south-eastern parts of the country. This book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale. Focusing on the diversified body of situated actors and their role in the process of religious change, it discusses the early arrival of Salafism in the late 1960s, follows it through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion of the movement in the 1990s. The movement’s dynamics and the controversies emerging as a result of the reforms are discussed, particularly with reference to different understandings of sources for religious knowledge and the role of Islamic literacy.
Actors, Power and Mobilisation under Ethnic Federalism
Author: Lovise Aalen
Most governments in Africa, seeing the political mobilisation of ethnicity as a threat, have rejected the use of ethnic differences as an explicit basis for political representation. The one prominent exception is Ethiopia, which since 1991 has imposed a system of ethnic-based federalism that offers each ethnic group the right of ‘self-determination’. This book provides a detailed empirical study of this system at work in the complex multiethnic environment of southern Ethiopia. It finds that ethnic self-rule, in combination with the power politics of an authoritarian regime, has produced both intended and unintended outcomes. While arguably easing large-scale ethnic conflicts, it has led to ‘ethnicisation’ of local socioeconomic disputes and to sharper inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic divides, often to the disadvantage of historically marginalised groups.

The local Pentecostal movement originated in the 1960s in Ethiopia, and experienced significant growth in Eritrea in the 1970s and 1980s, despite the fact that the Derg, the ruling party in Ethiopia and Eritrea at that time, persecuted Evangelical and Pentecostal movements. At the end of the 1970s

Through a twelfth-century clerical creation, St Patrick's Purgatory was at the same time the name of a cave located on Station Island, in Lough Derg (Co. Donegal, Ireland), and the name -- to this day -- of the penitential pilgrimage to this place. Its fame comes from the writings of Henry of

In: Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage Online
Author: Lang, B.

erschwerten Begehungen, die etwa barfuß oder auf Knien durchzuführen sind (so in Lough Derg, Irland). – Syst. Beschäftigung mit B. ist selten. Einer klassischen rel.wiss. Theorie zufolge ist die Rel. im gemeinschaftlich erlebten Tanz primärer Kulturen entstanden (E. Durkheim). Nach Bloch lassen sich B. als

confident enough to communicate with the public directly and to assert their power. "Proposals" . were accepted by the Emperior concerning, inter alia, a large-scale political amnesty and liaison between government officials and an Armed Forces Coor- dinating Committee or Derg (variously Dirg, Dergue, and

In: Review of Socialist Law

are so severe. A second rash of legislation was attendant on the coming into power and full sway of the revolutionary government of 1974–1991. The Derg suspended the constitution and dissolved both houses of parliament and ruled through a Council of Ministers representing the Provisional Military

In: Foreign Law Guide