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Author: Anne Davenport
This volume has a single goal: to argue that Descartes’s most fundamental discovery is not the epistemological subject, but rather the underlying free agent without whom no epistemological subject is possible. This fresh interpretation of the Cartesian “cogito” is defended through a close reading of Descartes’s masterpiece, the Meditations. Special attention is paid to the historical roots of Descartes’s interest in free agency, particularly his close ties to the French School of spirituality. Three aspects of Descartes’s personal evolution are considered: his aesthetic evolution from Baroque concealment to Classicism, his political evolution from feudal nostalgia to modern secularism, and his spiritual evolution from Stoic wisdom to active engagement in the world through the scientific project.
Rules for the Direction of the Natural Intelligence. A Bilingual Edition
Author: René Descartes
Exactly four hundred years after the birth of René Descartes (1596-1650), the present volume now makes available, for the first time in a bilingual, philosophical edition prepared especially for English-speaking readers, his Regulae ad directionem ingenii / Rules for the Direction of the Natural Intelligence (1619-1628), the Cartesian treatise on method. This unique edition contains an improved version of the original Latin text, a new English translation intended to be as literal as possible and as liberal as necessary, an interpretive essay contextualizing the text historically, philologically, and philosophically, a com-prehensive index of Latin terms, a key glossary of English equivalents, and an extensive bibliography covering all aspects of Descartes' methodology. Stephen Gaukroger has shown, in his authoritative Descartes: An Intellectual Biography (1995), that one cannot understand Descartes without understanding the early Descartes. But one also cannot understand the early Descartes without understanding the Regulae / Rules. Nor can one understand the Regulae / Rules without understanding a philosophical edition thereof. Therein lies the justification for this project. The edition is intended, not only for students and teachers of philosophy as well as of related disciplines such as literary and cultural criticism, but also for anyone interested in seriously reflecting on the nature, expression, and exercise of human intelligence: What is it? How does it manifest itself? How does it function? How can one make the most of what one has of it? Is it equally distributed in all human beings? What is natural about it, and what, not? In the Regulae / Rules Descartes tries to provide, from a distinctively early modern perspective, answers both to these and to many other questions about what he refers to as ingenium.
Author: Helen Hattab

In this paper, I argue that René Descartes is neither a Conceptualist nor a Platonist when it comes to the ontological status of the eternal truths and essences of mathematics but articulates a view derived from Proclus. There are several advantages to interpreting Descartes’ texts in light of

In: Vivarium
Author: Tad M. Schmaltz

Introduction There are some so subtle that they distinguish the substance of a body from its quantity, and the quantity itself from extension. Descartes, Principia Philosophiae 1 In Meditation V , Descartes begins by emphasizing his “distinct imagination” of body in terms of

In: Vivarium
The skeptic Pierre-Daniel Huet’s Censura philosophiae cartesianae (1689) is the most comprehensive, unrelenting and devastating critique of Descartes ever. It incisively captures all the issues that now interest readers of Descartes: the method of doubt, the cogito, clarity and distinctness as criteria of truth, the circularity of the Meditations, proofs of God’s existence, etc. Naturally, the work provoked great controversy among the Cartesians, who were implicated in various capacities—Nicolas Malebranche as the occasional cause of the publication, and Pierre-Sylvain Regis as the chief defender of the Cartesian camp. What emerges in this study of the controversy is a heroic, defensible Descartes. He possesses hitherto unappreciated answers to the criticisms that have bedeviled his philosophy from his time to ours.
Author: Jan Forsman

1 Introduction In the Second Meditation, Descartes’s meditator concludes that “this proposition, I am, I exist ( Ego sum , Ego existo ), is necessarily true whenever it is put forward by me or conceived in my mind” (AT vii 25, csm ii 17; emphasis in the original). 1 Existence of the

In: International Journal for the Study of Skepticism
Author: MO Weimin

Cogito, as the first principle of Descartes’ metaphysical system, initiated the modern philosophy of consciousness, becoming both the source and subject of modern Western philosophical discourse. The philosophies of Maine de Biran, Kant, Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and others developed by answering the following questions? Is consciousness substantial or not? Does consciousness require the guarantee of a transcendental subject? Is Cogito epistemological or ontological? Am I a being-for-myself or a being-for-others? Outlining the developmental history of the idea of Cogito from Descartes to Sartre is important for totally comprehending the evolution and development of Western philosophy.

In: Frontiers of Philosophy in China
Author: Giuliano Mori

burgeoning libertinism that, he believed, had originated from the combined effects of Cartesian and Spinozian philosophy. 4 Huet had reasons to associate the origin of libertinism with Descartes (1596–1650) and Spinoza (1632–1667) and with their followers. In Huet’s perspective, Descartes founded a

In: Erudition and the Republic of Letters

of psychology and philosophy get together. I shall limit the borders of that body of water by four different “lands.” They are Descartes D, Pascal P, Freud F, Jung J. I shall not explore the hinterlands, as for instance a philosophical investigation of P and D could be compared, neither will I

In: Contemporary Influences of C. G. Jung's Thought

In this article, I examine the respective role of equations and construction in geometrical problem solving according to Descartes and Pascal. I argue that whereas Descartes claims that an equation provides a solution to a geometrical problem even if it leads to an entangled construction, Pascal dismisses this claim and gives priority to construction. To this end, I deal with prototypical problems like Apollonius’ problem of the three cir cles or Pappus’ problem, both of which were tackled by Descartes and Pascal in their work or correspondence. I also pay close attention to the cor respondence between Pascal and Sluse of October-December 1657 and compare Sluse’s conception of algebraic analysis in geometrical problem solving with Descartes’. These let ters, not thoroughly studied until now, supply an interesting discussion about what it is to provide a solution to a geomet rical problem. Finally, I consider Descartes’ algebraization of geometry as a kind of mathematization.