David Douglas Daniels, III

more than orality, early Pentecostal sound generated a way of knowing that challenged the orality-literacy binary, the hierarchy of senses that privileged sight, and the hierarchy of the races. Keywords Pentecostalism, soundscape, earwitness, soundways, worship, ambient sounds, acoustemology Prelude

Louis Guilloux



Walter D. Redfern

This is the first truly comprehensive study, in any language, of the writings of Louis Guilloux. It embraces all his fiction, including his short stories, to which little or no attention has previously been paid. The title refers to Guilloux's lifelong stance: an empathetic witness and listener to the lives of other people, who lifts anecdotes to the level of social and psychological life-studies.
Highly valued by writers such as Malraux and Camus, Guilloux's work is studied here under several key categories (which represent overlaps and tensions rather than bleak opposites): memory and forgetfulness; the shifting relationship of individual and community; roots (stasis) and escape (movement); Guilloux and committed literature ( La Maison du Peuple, Les Batailles perdues, and the trip to the USSR with Gide and Dabit).
A long chapter is devoted to a close reading of Guilloux's baroque masterpiece, Le Sang noir, a much richer and less cerebral epic of an intellectual enmeshed in a provincial society than its successor, Sartre's La Nausée. Detailed attention is given to Guilloux's recycling of the model for the hero Cripure, the rogue elephant thinker Georges Palante. Le Sang noir is a haunted book.
Guilloux's experiments with chronological dislocation ( Le Jeu de patience), with narrative voices, essais de voix, (Coco perdu), with multiple personality (La Confrontation), and with the ambiguous pseudo-science of physiognomy (passim) are all fully analysed.
Throughout, wherever called for, the culturally cosmopolitan Guilloux is compared or contrasted with writers from various countries: Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Gorky, Silone, Dickens, Vallès, Camus, and Sartre. This is a matter less of influence than of Guilloux's choice of companions.


Jennifer Spinks and Dagmar Eichberger

This volume brings together some of the most exciting new scholarship on these themes, and thus pays tribute to the ground-breaking work of Charles Zika. Seventeen interdisciplinary essays offer new insights into the materiality and belief systems of early modern religious cultures as found in artworks, books, fragmentary texts and even in Protestant ‘relics’. Some contributions reassess communal and individual responses to cases of possession, others focus on witchcraft and manifestations of the disordered natural world. Canonical figures and events, from Martin Luther to the Salem witch trials, are looked at afresh. Collectively, these essays demonstrate how cultural and interdisciplinary trends in religious history illuminate the experiences of early modern Europeans.

Contributors: Susan Broomhall, Heather Dalton, Dagmar Eichberger, Peter Howard, E. J. Kent, Brian P. Levack, Dolly MacKinnon, Louise Marshall, Donna Merwick, Leigh T.I. Penman, Shelley Perlove, Lyndal Roper, Peter Sherlock, Larry Silver, Patricia Simons, Jennifer Spinks, Hans de Waardt and Alexandra Walsham.

U. Eisenberg

handicapped. In the concluding chapter of this section Yarmey extends his discussion of earwitness testi- mony to testimony obtained by other senses, such as recognition by gait, touch or odour. The reliability of testimony based on one or more of the senses mentioned above is fairly evalu- ated and possible

Howard Marshall

history cannot be written except by people who approach all their sources with an attitude of scepticism. Bauckham’s thesis is that the story of Jesus depends upon similar testimony, and that, as with the story of the Holocaust, it has survived. Eyewitness (including, obvi- ously, ‘ear-witness’) testimony


Carol J. Clover

first person plural, Geirmund makes clear that his neighbor Bard, who was with him the whole time, could confirm these things); (4) and to these three I’ll add a fourth, which comes just moments later, with the earwitness account of these men and others as to Skarphedin’s own “testimony” as, down in the

Michiel Roscam Abbing and Pierre Tuynman

earwitness in his various posts). If Grotius, Sandius wrote, applied himself carefully to the treatment of the subject out of love of the fatherland, as was doubtless the case and as he always did in his other work, he would be seen to have thereby delivered a work that corresponded with what scholars


Albert Rijksbaron

Edited by Rutger J. Allan, Evert van Emde Boas and Luuk Huitink

may add to the persuasiveness of the messenger’s report: the messenger speaks not only as an eyewitness but also as an ‘earwitness’. There are no instances where the imperfect of καλέω or the other verbs mentioned above is followed by direct speech, although with still other verbs this is not uncommon


John Painter

in the fourth of his books; he composed five.” He had a second motive for using this quotation because, in it, Irenaeus asserted that Papias had been an “ear-witness” of John the Apostle. Indeed, this may have been the main reason for using this quotation, because Eusebius immediately appeals to the