Author: Urszula Jaremba
National Judges as EU law Judges: The Polish Civil Law System by Urszula Jaremba aims at filling a research gap in one of the key areas of EU law concerning its enforcement at the national level and the phenomenon of judicial behaviour. More precisely, it examines the way civil judges in Poland function as EU law judges, and the practical problems they encounter while striving to actualise this constitutive role. However, the book goes beyond the formal law scenario, and investigates how Polish civil judges establish their own understanding of EU law and the new requirements it has imposed upon them. To this end, the study employs an empirical − that is to say quantitative and qualitative − methodology and theory to result in a socio-legal study that combines legal and empirical insights into the way national judges function in the context of EU law.
Author: Alan Littler
Since the 1990s the European Court of Justice has provided an institutional backdrop from which the requirements of EU law regarding gambling regulation are evolving. Given the total absence of harmonisation, Member States are competent to regulate gambling conditional upon such regulation being compatible with EU law. This book analyses the regulatory approaches undertaken in France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom regarding a variety of forms of online and offline gambling with a view to assessing the compatibility of these approaches. Furthermore it illustrates prevailing commonalities between the regimes and injects a degree of realism into the debate, softening the hard stance taken by stakeholders at opposite ends of the policy spectrum.
Author: Ludwig Krämer

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/161372709X457684 JEEPL 6 . 1 ( 2009 ) 13 – 35 The environmental complaint in EU law Prof. Dr. Ludwig Krämer Abstract The European Commission which has a large discretion to decide which infringements of EC environmental law it will pursue, has

In: Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law
Author: Robert Böttner
Enhanced Cooperation allows a group of Member States to use the EU’s competences and institutions to pursue a project within the Union’s framework that is binding only on the participating States while remaining an EU act. Introduced by the Amsterdam Treaty, this tool of flexible integration was not used until 2010. In The Constitutional Framework for Enhanced Cooperation in EU Law, Robert Böttner analyses the primary-law framework of this flexibility tool. On the basis of profound literature review and against the background of recent Member State practice, the author redefines the constitutional rules of Enhanced Cooperation. He draws conclusions on this tool’s legal limits, but also its potential for European integration.
Author: Jan Darpö

to eu law. Thereafter, I elaborate on the meaning of “substantive and procedural legality” of the judicial review. Then I discuss how to define “public concerned” and the distinction between general and personal interests in relation to individual’s standing. The next issue concerns the role of the

In: Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law
In Ius Doni in International Law and EU Law, Dr. Christian H. Kälin establishes the concept of ius doni in the contemporary legal and political theorising of citizenship. Providing a comprehensive analysis of the subject, the book discusses the legal and political concepts of citizenship. It also introduces a new term for what is already an increasingly common and accepted practice of granting citizenship on the basis of substantial contributions to the State. Consisting of two main parts – law and practice – the monograph analyses the ius doni concept in both international law and EU law, further tests its application in practice and establishes best practices among states. Finally, the book discusses the conceptual and practical implications for citizenship.
Author: Ludwig Krämer

Spanish coal-fired power plants or other industries – steel, cement plants – might have in substituting indigenous Spanish coal by imported coal; such difficulties appear to be of more theoretical nature. 5 Under eu law, State aid is, in principle, prohibited, 6 though Article 107 itself

In: Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law
Author: Paul Gragl

Nord Stream 2 project (and that such an agreement is highly unlikely to be concluded in the present-day political climate), again, the questions I attempt to answer in this contribution are: which existing legal regime is applicable to Nord Stream 2? Is it EU law or international law and, if the latter

In: Review of Central and East European Law

) has grown in the states of the cee . Such significance is obvious for eu member states: in 2007, former German President Roman Herzog wrote that 80% of national legislation finds its roots in eu law, 1 illustrating that understanding law- and policy-making in the eu member states also requires

In: Review of Central and East European Law

with judicial decisions on EU law and, more specifically, air quality, which have become final. The Land of Bavaria refused to introduce a ban on diesel vehicles, preferring to pay unsubstantial financial penalties instead of adopting those measures that were prescribed by a judge to protect air

In: Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law