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Author: Gregory Halfond
Despite growing scepticism concerning the evidentiary value of normative legal sources, scholars continue to mine the legislative acts of ecclesiastical councils for insight into political, religious, and quotidian life in Frankish Gaul. Between the reigns of Clovis and Charlemagne (AD 511-768) at least eighty councils assembled, often on royal command, to discuss issues of concern to the episcopal and clerical attendees. Their published canons were intended to communicate ecclesiastical policy in the Frankish regnum. However, scholars have paid comparatively slight attention to the institution responsible for this body of legislation. This book remedies this lacuna by delineating the functions and modus operandi of the Frankish church council as an administrative body.
Cross-Cultural Diplomacy in the Period of the Crusades. Translated by Peter M. Holt. Revised, edited and introduced by Konrad Hirschler
Author: Michael Köhler
Editor / Translator: Peter M. Holt
In Alliances and Treaties between Frankish and Muslim Rulers Michael Köhler presents a fully integrated study of Frankish-Muslim diplomacy in the period from the First Crusade through to the thirteenth century. It is a ground-breaking study that challenges preconceived notions of the relations between Frankish and Muslim rulers in the Middle East. Commonly portrayed as an era of conflict, the period appears here as one in which conventions of diplomatic cooperation were commonplace. This book is one of the few works in the fields of Crusader Studies and Middle Eastern Studies that draws to the same extent on Arabic and Western sources; two textual traditions that have usually been studied in isolation from each other.

glosses as Old (Lower) Frankish or salfränkisch , and Schützeichel has argued that the glosses belong to West Frankish (Van Helten, 1900; Schmidt-Wiegand, 1969: 403). More or less following these authors, Schmidt-Wiegand called the Malberg glosses a remnant of the Frankish language (ibid.: 396), but

In: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik

distinctly of the milieu of the thirteenth-century Morea. Additionally, local craftsmen employed by Frankish patrons (and possibly designer-masons) or seeing new buildings with imported forms learned these techniques and clearly incorporated them into their new work for different patrons, whether of Latin or

In: Medieval Encounters

Latin remained the near-universal language of written documents well into the thirteenth century. 2 Nevertheless, some illuminating evidence for the use of the vernacular in the Frankish East can be picked out from this Latin corpus. 3 Charters from outside the Romance-language area offer ideal

In: The Languages of Early Medieval Charters
Author: Peter Štih

Dalmatian hinterland in the south came under Frankish rule. In the process, military conquests could very well have been the easiest part of the task. It was much more difficult to consolidate Frankish authority in the conquered territories. This meant that, inter alia , rebellions had to be crushed and

In: Migration, Integration and Connectivity on the Southeastern Frontier of the Carolingian Empire
Author: Kamal S. Salibi

THE MARONITES OF LEBANON UNDER FRANKISH AND MAMLUK RULE (1099-1516) BY KAMAL S. SALIBI NORTHERN Lebanon, with its predominantly Maronite popu- - lation, was an outpost of militant Western Christendom in Syria during the period that elapsed between the Crusader and the Ottoman conquests. Its

In: Arabica
The conquest of the Byzantine Empire by the armies of the Fourth Crusade resulted in the foundation of several Latin political entities in the lands of Greece. The Companion to Latin Greece offers thematic overviews of the history of the mixed societies that emerged as a result of the conquest.
With dedicated chapters on the art, literature, architecture, numismatics, economy, social and religious organisation and the crusading involvement of these Latin states, the volume offers an introduction to the study of Latin Greece and a sampler of the directions in which the field of research is moving.

Contributors are: Nikolaos Chrissis, Charalambos Gasparis, Anastasia Papadia-Lala, Nicholas Coureas, David Jaccoby, Julian Baker, Gill Page, Maria Georgopoulou and Sophia Kalopissi-Verti.
Author: Jinty Nelson

Carolingian rulers; and third, letters. On this basis, I shall investigate the women religious to whom Alcuin wrote. The Abbess in the Prayer-text Here is an Oratio quando abbas vel abbatissa ordinatur (prayer when an abbot or an abbess is ordained), in an 8th-century Frankish Sacramentary: 2 Concede

In: The Land of the English Kin
In: Marriage in the Western Church