Search Results

Ehab S. Abu-Gosh and Rafael Leal-Arcas

Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947. 2 The GATT contained the general exception in its Article XX(g) justifying measures which, although deemed to be in violation of the GATT rules, aimed at conserving “exhaustible natural resources”. 3 Since the creation of the GATT 1947, this exception has

Guanglin Qiaozi

With the development of the international community, public morals have attracted increasing attention from states. Nevertheless, the “public morals” exception clause in Article XX(a) of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) is hardly invoked by state parties as a distinct basis for trade-restrictive measures. The EC-Seal Product dispute is the first case in which the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) considered this issue, after which it addressed the issue in the Columbia-Textiles and the Brazil-Taxation disputes. This article aims to analyze the kinds of public morals that can be justified while implementing trade-restrictive measures. It proposes that the human rights standard is a significant moral concern and that human rights law and trade law may be integrated. The article also addresses the question on the procedures that should be followed in applying Article XX(a) to avoid abuse. It concludes that Article XX(a) attaches intrinsic importance to striking a balance between trade liberalization and state sovereignty, for which it must be reserved in the GATT.

R. Kreile

Das 1948 in Kraft getretene Allgemeine Zoll-und Handelsabkommen (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, GATT), dem bisher 90 Staaten beigetreten sind und das weitere 30 Länder anwenden, will die Hebung des Lebensstandards und die Verwirklichung der Vollbeschäftigung in allen beteiligten Ländern

Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length. Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length.

September 2019 Update

Cases Tab

List of WTO Citations
List of Adopted Reports

Case Summaries:

271 EU – PET (Pakistan) Panel Report Summary
271A EU – PET (Pakistan) Appellate Body Report Summary
272 Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Panel Report Summary
272A Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Appellate Body Summary
273 Brazil – Taxation Panel Report Summary
273A Brazil – Taxation Appellate Body Report Summary
274 Indonesia – Chicken Panel Report Summary

Indexes Tab:

Key Word Index
WTO/GATT Articles Index
Country: Party Index
Country: Subject Index
Panelist Index
Appellate Body Index

The GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement System

International Law, International Organizations and Dispute Settlement

Series:

Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

The GATT and WTO dispute settlement systems have become the most frequently used international mechanisms for the settlement of trade disputes among governments.
The 1994 Agreement Establishing the WTO introduced a historically unprecedented new dispute settlement procedure for conflicts involving trade in goods and services, trade-related investment measures, and intellectual property rights. This procedure provided for the compulsory jurisdiction of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body, WTO Panels, and the WTO Appellate Body.
The first 18 months from the time the WTO Agreement came into force on 1 January 1995 witnessed more than 50 invocations of the new dispute settlement procedures by a large number of countries, including many from the developing world. This large response, and the proposals for further extending the scope of WTO law, suggest that the WTO dispute settlement system will continue to be the most frequently applied, worldwide systems for the legal settlement of trade disputes among governments.
This book provides students, lawyers and diplomats a thought-provoking and practice-oriented analysis of the GATT/WTO dispute settlement rules, procedures, and problems. The Annexes include a useful collection of relevant texts and tables of past GATT and WTO case law.

Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu

Nordic Journal of International Law 80 (2011) 219–234 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI 10.1163/157181011X565568 brill.nl/nord NORDIC JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW Relationship of GATT Article XX Exceptions to Other WTO Agreements Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu * Lecturer in Law, University of

Larry Crump and Daniel Druckman

relationship, and can be delineated within an io such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade ( gatt ) or the World Trade Organization ( wto ). We will briefly document the origin and development of this hierarchical relationship within the gatt and the wto . The gatt The General Agreement on

Stewart, Terence P.

, Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online Publication Editor: Stewart and Stewart Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden - Boston, 2011 e-ISSN: 2211-4386 Case summary DOI: 10.1163/WTOGATT-In-2 © 2019 Koninklijke Brill NV (© 1994-2006 by Transnational Publishers, Inc.)

Stewart, Terence P.

, Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online Publication Editor: Stewart and Stewart Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden - Boston, 2011 e-ISSN: 2211-4386 © 2017 Koninklijke Brill NV (© 1994-2006 by Transnational Publishers, Inc.)

Stewart, Terence P.

, Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online Publication Editor: Stewart and Stewart Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden - Boston, 2011 e-ISSN: 2211-4386 © 2014 Koninklijke Brill NV (© 1994-2006 by Transnational Publishers, Inc.)