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Laurie Green

Th e 1990s, however, saw a substantial shift in the treatment and recognition of sexual and gender-based violence (GBV) in international criminal law. Sexual and GBV crimes are now prosecutable as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and acts of genocide. 4 Indeed, the Rome Statute establishing the

Noha Aboueldahab

Rape as a Weapon of War in Syria’, is critical of the hierarchy of gender-based violence ( gbv ). This hierarchy, whereby rape during armed conflict is regarded as more serious and worthy of international legal attention than other forms of sexual violence, overlooks and obscures the structural


Brian B. Sibeko and Samkelisiwe F. Luthuli

heightened risk of poor health outcomes ( Bearinger, Sieving, Ferguson, & Sharma, 2007 ). In this context, gender-based violence (GBV) is often linked to early and unwanted pregnancies, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, all of which are some of the health concerns facing young people

‘Western Education Is Sinful’

Boko Haram and the Abduction of Chibok Schoolgirls


Tina (A.C.) Besley and Michael A. Peters

appendices including Appendix 5: Boko Haram Are Not Salafī. 6 Zenn and Pearson (2014) document the gender-based violence ( gbv ) and the targeting of women as a significant development in Boko Harams tactics in 2013. They report that more than 3500 people have been killed since 2010 in attacks modelled on

Julia Bleckner

women’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations has been that civilian women tend to feel more comfortable approaching and confiding in female peacekeepers, thereby increasing likelihood to report SEA and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence (GBV). 44 In this study, by cohort

Reparations after Conflict Related Sexual Violence

The Long Road in the Western Balkans

Sabine Freizer

work. As Leatherman has pointed out in her seminal book Sexual Violence and Armed Conflict, “Sexual violence in conflict does not develop in isolation from the society’s pre-existing socioeconomic and culturally shaped gender relationships. The extent of gender based violence ( gbv ) in society

Susanne Alldén

rights and how these strategies can elevate the issue of women’s rights in a post-conflict setting. The issue of gender-based violence (GBV) is analyzed up-close in East Timor’s search for transitional justice. Although no claims are made as for giving an exhaustive coverage of the situation for women in

Sara E. Davies and Jacqui True

situations, gender-based violence ( gbv ) – primarily perpetrated against girls and women by known and unknown perpetrators – produces similar reporting constraints. A study by Tia Palermo, Jennifer Bleck, and Amber Peterman found that the social, legal and financial constraints on reporting gbv in

Going Beyond Numbers

Reframing Substantive Representation of Women Parliamentarians in Post-War Sierra Leone

Fredline A. O. M’Cormack-Hale

, there is a growing body of work that focuses on developing country contexts that have yielded similar findings. In some African countries, women parliamentarians have been instrumental in the passing of women-friendly legislation such as inheritance laws and the passing of bills addressing Gender Based


Ramit Nagpal and Christina Pak

, such as the creation of specialized ‘green courts’ or ‘green benches’ for administration of environmental justice, a specialized court for resolution of disputes related to gender-based violence ( gbv ) and assisted in enacting or strengthening arbitration laws to foster foreign direct investment ( fdi