Introduction It has been almost ten years since the Five-Day War broke in August 2008 between Georgia, on one side, and Russia and South Ossetia, on the other. 1 This topic has been the subject of many debates inside and outside of academia. Pundits and journalists investigated the

In: Russian Politics
Author: Givi Mikanadze

only reduces the length of imprisonment, but also contributes substantially to a planned return of the offender to the community’. 3 The south Caucasian countries Georgia and Armenia, member states of the Council of Europe since 1999 and 2001, respectively, gained back their independence from the

In: European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

True to its geographic position, Georgia has been an arena of confrontation between the great states of the East and West for centuries. By the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in the wake of the downfall of Constantinople and the fundamental reconstruction of relations between Asia and

In: Journal of Persianate Studies

1 Introduction The status of freedom of religion or belief and the issue of state-religion relations has been the subject of various discussions and criticism, evolving and shaping in light of political developments in Georgia. In order to explore the limits of the right to freedom of

In: Religion & Human Rights
Author: George Hewitt

The 2014 disturbances in the Ukraine occasioned renewed discussion of the 2008 Russo- Georgian War. As the situation continued to worsen in eastern Ukraine, US President Obama announced on a visit to Poland at the start of June that the US and NATO would strengthen ties even with the non-NATO-member-states of the Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia. This last has aspirations of membership, even though it does not control the republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which most of the world nevertheless regards as integral parts of Georgia. As long as the Georgian-Abkhazian dispute remains unresolved, there will be problems regarding inter-state relations with/for western Transcaucasia. And there can be no resolution of the Abkhazian issue without a proper understanding of Abkhazia’s history (both ancient and more recent); it was to try to ensure that the debate is not based on misconceptions, unsubstantiated assertions or even plain errors that this article was written. It is grounded on a consideration of a range of materials (from Agathias’ Greek text through relevant discussions in Georgian, Russian and English). The toppling of Abkhazia’s democratically elected president (Aleksandr Ankvab) at the end of May 2014 makes the question of Abkhazia even more topical.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
In Architecture and Asceticism Loosley Leeming presents the first interdisciplinary exploration of Late Antique Syrian-Georgian relations available in English. The author takes an inter-disciplinary approach and examines the question from archaeological, art historical, historical, literary and theological viewpoints to try and explore the relationship as thoroughly as possible. Taking the Georgian belief that ‘Thirteen Syrian Fathers’ introduced monasticism to the country in the sixth century as a starting point, this volume explores the evidence for trade, cultural and religious relations between Syria and the Kingdom of Kartli (what is now eastern Georgia) between the fourth and seventh centuries CE. It considers whether there is any evidence to support the medieval texts and tries to place this posited relationship within a wider regional context.

statehood in line with international public law. The objectives of this article are much narrower. The first objective is to analyze and to compare the foundations of the constitutional and legal orders of selected non-recognized entities in Georgia and Ukraine, namely the so-called “Republic of Abkhazia

In: Review of Central and East European Law

This article analyses Russia’s foreign policy towards Georgia during the post-Soviet era. It examines the nuances between post-Soviet policies, which are heavily loaded with historical and nation-building issues, and neo-colonial ones, understood as the refusal to let go of the former empire. Since 1991, Russia has held the key to Georgia’s territorial integrity, political stability and economic development. Moscow’s policies gradually became more aggressive in the aftermath of the colour revolutions (from 2003 onwards). Georgia’s new leadership portrayed Russia as the main obstacle to the country’s modernisation, and the hostility reached a climax with the 2008 war in South Ossetia. Having considered the evolution of bilateral relations and the international context, this article argues that although Russia’s pressure on Georgia has always been strong, the change in political actors and the balance of forces – with the growing influence of the EU and NATO in post-Soviet countries – have played a decisive role in triggering aggressive, and eventually revisionist policies.

In: European Review of International Studies
Primary Sources Collections
Collection of about c. 37,000 photographs documenting the early and late medieval Christian architectural arts of Georgia and its historical area of settlement. Collection divided into 8 volumes, each containing about 6,000 photographs, including plans, sectional drawings, a short account of the building's historical and architectural features, as well as a bibliography for each monument. A map indicates the location of each site.
Author: Heinz Fähnrich
The book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the complete history of Georgia from the beginnings until the present time. It contains an extensive list of sources, an historical geography and describes the prehistoric cultures as well as the political and cultural developments of the country: the first settlements and state formation in the second and first millennia B.C., the Parnavazid dynasty, Christianization, the invasions of Arabs and Turks, the Golden Age of the 12-13th centuries, Mongol rule, the disintegration of the state, the Russian occupation, the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, the military invasion and control by the Soviet Union, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the revival of the Georgian state.