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[German Version] I. Definition – II. Historical Expansion Hellenism as a periodization concept goes back to J.G. Droysen, who gave a positive assessment of the amalgamation of Greek and Near Eastern cultures, seeing this as a characteristic feature of the period and as a precondition for

In: Religion Past and Present Online

Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Achaemenid Empire between 334 and 324 and the submission of the East under Greek political control provided Hellenism with much greater significance. Greek culture became that of the rulers. Cultural exchange was, however, by no means one-sided.

In: Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

[German version] (Ἕλλην; Héllēn). Eponymous progenitor of the Hellenes, therefore of the entirety of the inhabitants of Greece; the individual tribes took their names from H.'s sons and grandsons  Dorus,  Xuthus (father of  Ion and  Achaeus [1]) and  Aeolus [1].  Pyrrha and either  Deucalion (Hes

In: Brill's New Pauly Online

of life, disapproved of from a Jewish point of view. Based on the meaning of Hellenism, originating among Alexandrian scholars at almost the same time, as ‘Greek spiritual world’, Christian writers the...

In: Brill's New Pauly Online
Author: Merkel, Helmut

In the days of J. G. Droysen (1808–84), “Hellenism” was a term used for Greek culture and thought, and more specifically for nonclassical biblical Greek. Droysen, however, applied it to the epoch of the fusion of Greek and Near Eastern patterns, which began with Alexander the Great (336–323 b

In: The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online
Aspects of Late Antique Art in Egypt AD 250-700
This book deals with the architecture and visual arts in late antique–early Byzantine Egypt as an organic part of the art of the Mediterranean region in the period between the 3rd and 8th centuries. The richly illustrated book discusses the survival and transformations of Hellenistic themes and forms in the Roman and late antique periods. It also presents a history of Coptic art history.

" Transfigurations of Hellenism is an outstanding addition to this scholarship, tracing out in detail the continuity of the Hellenistic tradition in Egyptian art...All scholars of late antiquity will find much of interest in this fine work."
Stanley M. Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles