© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156852908X270917 Religion and the Arts 12 (2008) 34–41 www.brill.nl/rart RELIGION and the ARTS Open-Source Hinduism Siddhartha Fireﬂies Ashram, Bangalore, India Abstract Hinduism is often taken to be a religion in the Abrahamic sense of the term
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/157006809X416805 Method and Th eory in the Study of Religion 21 (2009) 40-49 brill.nl/mtsr M E T H O D T H E O R Y in the S T U D Y O F R E L I G I O N & “On Th ursdays We Worship the Banana Plant”: Encountering Lived Hinduism in a Canadian
interac- tion and engagement. Christianity may take from Hinduism, but this is not always the case. Sometimes both Christianity and Hinduism simultaneously engage with a diﬀ erent religious and cultural environment. Processes are more complex than they at ﬁ rst sight appear and, as this paper will attempt
Hinduism (originally written hindooism) is the European appellation in use since around 1780 for what was perceived to be an Indian religion on par with other religions, especially Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. The emergence of this term can be seen as the culmination of a conceptual
Eisenlohr, Patrick, Fischer-Tiné, Harald, Gail, Adalbert J., Lähnemann, Johannes, Michaels, Axel and Wingate, Andrew
[German Version] I. History – II. Religious Doctrine – III. Society – IV. Hinduism and Christianity Hinduism, from Persian hindu (“one who lives by the Indus River”), is a collective term for those religious communities and their systems that formed on the south Asian subcontinent (India: I) or
Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism is part of the Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section 2: South Asia (HO2), which publishes scholarly reference works, bibliographies, and research tools pertaining to the political, economic, social, linguistic, and religious history of the Indian subcontinent.
The six-volume Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism -with first volume published in 2009 and to be completed in 2014 with Vol. 6- is a thematic encyclopedia, presenting the latest research on all the main aspects of the Hindu traditions in original essays written by the world’s foremost scholars on Hinduism. The Encyclopedia explicitly adopts an interdisciplinary and pluralistic approach, and in it, the term “Hinduism” is used critically in the knowledge that most of the traditions that today make up Hinduism are much older than the term itself. The Encyclopedia aims at a balanced and even-handed view of Hinduism, recognizing the tensions inherent in the academic examination of Hinduism. It emphasizes that Hinduism is a conglomerate of regional religious traditions and at the same time a global world religion. Hinduism is also both an ancient historical tradition and a living tradition flourishing in the contemporary world. It is an oral tradition, yet one with a huge number of sacred texts at its basis. Hinduism is both a religious identity and an object of academic scholarship.
Illustrated with maps and photographs, Brill’s Encyclopedia presents the learned philosophical and theological traditions of Hinduism as well as its many folk traditions. Covering the spread of Hinduism over the last two hundred years to all the continents as well as the interaction of Hinduism with other religions, it also portrays the various responses of Hindu traditions to a number of contemporary issues of great relevance today, such as feminism, human rights, egalitarianism, bioethics, and so on.
Volume I: Regions, Pilgrimage, Deities ISBN 978 90 04 17641 6 (Available)
Volume II: Sacred Texts, Ritual Traditions, Arts, Concepts iSBN 978 90 04 17893 9 (Available)
Volume III: Society, Religious Specialists, Religious Traditions, Philosophy ISBN 978 90 04 17894 6 (Available)
Volume IV: Historical Perspectives, Poets/Teachers/Saints, Relation to Other Religions and Traditions, Hinduism and Contemporary Issues ISBN 978 90 04 17895 3 (Available)
Volume V: Religious Symbols, Hinduism and Migration, Some Modern Religious Groups and Teachers ISBN 978 90 04 17896 0 (Available)
Volume VI: Indices ISBN 978 90 04 17896 0 (Publication December 2014)
Please see Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism (6 vols set) ISBN 978 90 04 27128 9 (Publication December 2014) for the complete set information.
1. The concept of Hinduism, introduced by Western scholars only in recent times, stands for a whole complex of religious currents and social phenomena appearing on the Indian subcontinent, partly in very diverse historical, socioeconomic, and geographical conditions, at various times over the last
Rajashekar, J. Paul and von Brück, Michael
Hinduism is a very complex, contradictory, yet coherent nexus of writings, rites, and ways of life. It is not an organized religion stabilized by dogmatic unity but an order that is believed and lived out as supratemporal and cosmic (as sanātana dharma, “traditional duty” or “traditional practices
Editor-in-Chief Knut A. Jacobsen
Volume I Regions and the Regional Traditions Sacred Space and Time Gods, Goddesses, and Divine Powers
Volume II Sacred Texts and Languages Ritual Traditions Arts Concepts
Volume III Society Religious Specialists Religious Traditions Philosophy
Volume IV Historical Perspectives Poets, Teachers, and Saints Relation to Other Religions and Traditions Hinduism and Contemporary Issues
Volume V Religious Symbols Hinduism and Migration: Contemporary Communities outside South Asia Some Modern Religious Groups and Teachers
Volume VI Indices
Features and Benefits
• Access articles covering topics such as main regions within and beyond India and their regional traditions; sacred spaces and time and the various gods, goddesses, and divine powers of Hinduism past and present; major religious texts, literary genres, and sacred languages; performance, the arts, and ritual traditions; leading concepts and philosophical traditions; significant historical periods and eminent figures of saints, poets, and teachers; the interaction of Hinduism with other religions and the various responses of Hinduism to a number of contemporary issues such as feminism, human and animal rights, bioethics, and the Internet; and the place and role of Hinduism among communities in diaspora.
• Keyword and full-text search.
• Navigate extensive hyperlinked cross-references.
• Consult a comprehensive index of approximately 20,000 terms, concepts, and personal and place names accompanied by short explanations.
• View rich illustrations, maps, and photographs.
The Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online (ENHI) was originally published in 2012. It has now being relaunched with lots of improvements and some additional contents (but without a price increase).
1. All quotes, poems, lists, tables, images, diagrams, and other illustrations have a greatly improved appearance.
2. Corrections of factual errors handed in by authors over the years have been implemented.
3. “Forthcoming” in the bibliographies have been updated.
4. All URLs in the running texts and bibliographies have been verified and provided with a recent “accessed [date].” This resulted in removing close to half of them, as they are no longer available.
*New content (not included in the print edition):
1. Bhāgavatapurāṇa by Jonathan Edelmann
2. Cōmacuntara Nāyakar by Eric Steinschneider
3. Gayatri Pariwar by Daniel Heifetz
4. Haridwar by James Lochtefeld
5. Harivaṃśa by Simon Brodbeck
6. Kedarnath by Luke Whitmore
7. Omkareshwar by Jürgen Neuß
8. Pramukh Swami by Mamtora Bhakti
9. Śaiva Āgamas: The Four Pādas and Thirty-six Tattvas by T. Ganesan
10. Slavery by K.M. Shrimali
11. Soma by Matthew Clarke
12. Śrīdharasvāmin by Jonathan Edelmann
13. Srisailam by Prabhavati C. Reddy
In particular, the articles Soma (new insight regarding this psychotropic substance), Slavery (the topic having been denied/ignored for years in Indian studies), and Śaiva Āgamas (first time that the content – in contrast to the textual history – of this literary genre is dealt with in such depth) can be considered seminal.
Originally, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism was published as a finished product with no plans for updates. However, the editors have agreed to produce a 7th print volume, and these articles will be part of it. All existing customers will be able to access the new improved version and the added articles with no additional charge.