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Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) in the post-Suharto era and its views on the resurrection of the global Islamic caliphate, its opposition to the notions of democracy and nation-state. In the aftermath of Suharto’s fall in 1998, HTI has seized the opportunity to promise the establishment of a fair society under a

In: Asian Journal of Social Science
Author: Bawar Bammarny

human nature of Christ, the biggest split in Islām was due to questions about the Caliphate. However, many scholars and above all politicians from World War i onwards did not recognise the relevance of the Caliphate issue. After the dissolution of the last Islāmic Caliphate, namely the Ottoman

In: Arab Law Quarterly
Author: Masaki Nagata

-establishment of an Islamic caliphate. 36 For example, Faraj noted that establishing a modern-day caliphate was obligatory for Muslims. 37 Recently, Dae’sh have considered the caliphate to be the ideal form of Islamic statehood. 38 The twin concepts of ‘caliph’ and ‘caliphate’ play central roles

In: Middle East Law and Governance

The article is an attempt to restore the approximate number of the people classified by the Shariʽa law as ’ahl aḏ-ḏimma, i.e. gentiles (mostly Christians), who were under the protection of the Arab (Islamic) Caliphate in the vilayet of Armīnīya and in its three administrative units—Armīnīya I, Armīnīya II (Arrān), and Armīnīya III (Djurzan/Ǧurzān).

In: Iran and the Caucasus

Ghaznavid art and architecture were the products of the Ghaznavid dynasty (r. 366–582/977–1186) that ruled from present-day Afghanistan—which, until their arrival, was still largely non-Muslim and scarcely under the control of the Islamic caliphate—over a vast territory, that included, at various

In: Encyclopaedia of Islam Three Online
Author: Priya Urs

The destabilization of Iraq and Syria by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and Al Nusrah Front has ignited extensive global debate about how to quell the group’s territorial gains in the region, and, preferably, to do so in a manner that is compliant with international law. In June 2014, the isil proclaimed the formation of an Islamic caliphate, boasting swathes of territory straddling the border between Iraq and Syria. A growing number of States have joined forces in a United States-led coalition against the isil, with varying contributions including airstrikes, military aid and humanitarian assistance. The on-going crisis in the Middle East presents international lawyers with an opportunity to re-evaluate the system of collective security envisaged in the 1945 Charter of the United Nations. This article evaluates the Security Council’s approach in addressing the situation in the Middle East as an ongoing threat to international peace and security, focusing on three areas in which it may play significant roles: 1. its participation, if any, in the exercise of self-defence under Art. 51; 2. its authorization of forcible and non-forcible measures under Chapter vii; and 3. the enduring obligation of multilateral cooperation it imposes upon States in the context of terrorism.

In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online
Author: Anis Al-Qasem

century between the Ottoman Islamic Caliphate and Western powers, the period of the Capitulations. The novel takes the form of a diary of a Qadi, ashari{a judge, in the year 1843. The "diary" is a clever invention of the author, and the choice of a Qadi as its author enabled Mr Saleh to introduce the

In: Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online
Author: Tarek Ladjal

banner of the Islamic caliphate, particularly from Central Asia, were to intersect and adapt elements of each other’s culture. The author addresses the major shifts in the relationship between the two worlds arising from a rebellion that lasted between 755 ad and 763 ad led by the military

In: Arabica
Author: Carool Kersten

intellectual dimensions of Muslims’ multiple engagements with the idea of an Islamic caliphate at these historical junctures” (16), she has decided to structure her book symmetrically; chapters one, two and three deal with these different aspects in the 14th to late 15th centuries, and chapters four, five and

In: Islamic Law and Society
Author: L.P. Harvey

, Journal of Semitic Studies Monograph 10, Manchester 1989, pp. ix, 128. Professor Bosworth's avowed aim in this monograph is the "throwing of light on a sector of the Arabic literature of the period between the florescence of the Islamic caliphate in Iraq and the nahda and renaissance of our own times" (p

In: Journal of Arabic Literature