Comparing Investment Provisions in India’s FTAs with India’s Stand-Alone BITs

Contributing to the Evolution of New Indian BIT Practice

Prabhash Ranjan

and errors, if any, are solely the author’s responsibility. 1 Introduction India started signing bilateral investment treaties (BITs), or bilateral investment promotion agreements (BIPAs), as they are called in India, in the early 1990s. This was part of its overall strategy of economic

Anamika Asthana and Happymon Jacob

In 2014, the government of India decided to create a ‘States Division’ within the Ministry of External Affairs ( mea ) to serve as its nodal point for outreach to the Indian states and to bring a sharper focus on states within the mea ’s activities. In 2016, there were reports in the national

India, R2P and Humanitarian Assistance

A Case of Norm Containment

Urvashi Aneja

, economic, and military measures to address these four crimes. This article examines how the Indian government understands these spheres of action. Examining these two spheres of action together can help illuminate India’s understanding of national and international responsibility for the care of

Myanmar and India

Regimes of Citizenship and the Limits of Geo-economic Engagement

Priya Chacko and Alexander E. Davis

Introduction Myanmar and India’s re-engagement in the 1990s has been driven by processes of state transformation—involving interrelated political change and economic change—in both countries that have reshaped their foreign policy priorities. Specifically, both countries have adopted

Bhawana Rawat and Shakeel Ahmad

Section I: Introduction Globalization, which led to the integration of different countries and invisible removal of physical boundaries, provided bunch of benefits to the 'Third-world' countries like India. With loosening of policies and procedures regarding foreign capital in 1991, India was

Joyeeta Gupta

need to be made progressively more ambitious. Against this background, I will discuss what the Paris Agreement means to the emerging economies of China and India. 2 Commitments of the bric Countries This section looks at the key positions of China and India prior to the Paris cop . 2

Pieter W. van der Horst

India is mentioned only twice in the Hebrew Bible, in Esth 1:1 and 8:9, where the great extent of the Persian empire is described as ranging “from India to Ethiopia” ( me-Hodu weʿad-Kush ). Here “India” is clearly used in its proper sense of subcontinental India. 1 At first sight it is

India's Railway History

A Research Handbook


John Hurd II and Ian J. Kerr

India has had operating railways for well-over 150 years: railways that have played a central and well-documented role in the making of India in the colonial and post-colonial eras. This handbook provides a reference guide for researchers interested in almost any facet of the history, colonial and post-colonial, of these railways. The secondary literature is identified and surveyed, primary sources and their locations identified, statistical and cartographic data discussed and presented, and a massive bibliography made available. This handbook is the indispensable tool for anyone seeking to understand India's railways and the roles they played in the making of modern India.

New "Temples" of India

Singapore and India Collaboration in Information Technology Parks


Faizal bin Yahya

After 1991, India after decades of stifling its own economic growth, has reformed its economy and has implemented its Look East policy to enhance its economic, business and trade linkages with East Asian economies. At the same time, Singapore has reached its own domestic limits to economic growth and is encouraging its companies to invest overseas to create its "external economic wing". Collaboration in information technology (IT) formed the key to initiating economic cooperation between Singapore and India. India has excellent IT talent but inadequate infrastructure to tap this talent for economic growth while Singapore has excelled in building high technology parks. The resulting collaboration is Singapore's flagship investment, the IT Park in Bangalore, India.

Sandra Destradi

Seventy years after independence, India is widely acknowledged as an increasingly influential rising power, if not an indispensable player, in many issue areas of global politics. Recently, several studies have taken stock of continuity and change in India’s foreign policy, 1 trying to