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In Rome and the Indian Ocean Trade from Augustus to the Early Third Century CE Matthew Adam Cobb examines the development of commercial exchange between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean worlds from the Roman annexation of Egypt (30 BCE) up to the early third century CE.
Among the issues considered are the identities of those involved, how they organised and financed themselves, the challenges they faced (scheduling, logistics, security, sailing conditions), and the types of goods they traded.
Drawing upon an expanding corpus of new evidence, Cobb aims to reassess a number of long-standing scholarly assumptions about the nature of Roman participation in this trade. These range from its chronological development to its economic and social impact.

centuries CE . This occurrence can be linked to periods of intense (re)construction of the praesidia , which feeds into a broader debate about the peak period of Roman involvement in the Indian Ocean trade. 4 In addition to the important role the Roman state played in ensuring the safe transport of goods

In: Rome and the Indian Ocean Trade from Augustus to the Early Third Century CE

the Cape of Storms—later re-named Cape of Good Hope—in 1498, introduced a greater number of Europeans visiting the South Asian sub-continent than in previous centuries, yet this so called “Age of Discovery” did not particularly impact the Indian Ocean trade adversely for the first couple of centuries

In: Empires of the Sea


Despite a great deal of research undertaken by historians, archaeologists and other maritime scholars, there remains a rather poor understanding of the design and construction of ships that sailed the Red Sea and Indian Ocean in antiquity. Similarly, there are few indications as to whether any unifying features existed that made them particularly suited to sailing in monsoonal conditions or within enclosed sea basins, or both. This kind of information is important to gain a deeper understanding of the types of boats used to carry cargo over long-distance trade routes in these pioneering times, early on in the shift to a globalised economy. It could also provide indirect evidence for port and harbour infrastructure available along these routes. This paper will evaluate the current state of knowledge concerning the types of vessels that plied the Red Sea and Indian Ocean trade routes from the Ptolemaic to the Roman period.

In: Human Interaction with the Environment in the Red Sea

changing in the 15th century. Indian Ocean Trade and the Mamluks’ Changing Relationship with the Hijaz The Hijaz had always been important to the political ideology of the Mamluks. This region of the Arabian Peninsula is home to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and the Mamluk sultans

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

Roxani Eleni MARGARITI. Aden and the Indian Ocean Trade: 150 Years in the Life of a Medieval Arabian Port . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. xiii + 343 pp., clothbound. ISBN: 978-0-8078- 3076-5; and S. D. GOITEIN and Mordechai A. FRIEDMAN, India Traders of the Middle Ages

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
In: Eighteenth-Century Gujarat

Mughal conquest, Surat grew to be the most important port-city in the Indian subcontinent, and one of the great centres of Indian Ocean trade, with its population apparently exceeding 200,000. 32 Of its competitors on the west coast, it outstripped Diu, Dabhol, Chaul, Goa, Basrur and Bhatkal, as well as

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

The glass beads excavated at Hlamba Mlonga, a 10th to 15th century AD site in eastern Zimbabwe, are catalogued and separated into bead series based on morphology. They are compared to closely related beads that occur in archaeological contexts of the same period in the Shashe-Limpopo basin and the Zimbabwe culture area. Trade links and political consequences of trade shifts are explored. The chemical composition of selected beads, which arrived at a port (or ports) in southern Mozambique and from there were traded to Hlamba Mlonga and other sites in the interior, suggests they were manufactured in the Indian subcontinent and/or Southeast Asia.

In: Journal of African Archaeology

, biographies, or trade profiles. By delving into the scope of distribution of English gifts, the present study seeks to elevate mere names to the status of gift recipients, thereby contributing to the presently uneven biographical scope of the Indian Ocean trade, even if we lack further information on the

In: Journal of Early Modern History