Edited by Fabrizio Speziale

This volume looks at hospitals in the post-medieval Indo-Iranian world from various perspectives. During the Safavid-Mughal periods hospitals were still tied to Avicennian medicine. However, in Qajar Iran and British India hospitals became important instruments for the spread of modern Western medicine. The papers in this volume present a significant panorama on the history of medicine and medical institutions in Iran and India during the early modern and the modern periods. The portrait that emerges is not homogeneous, but instead shows ambivalent and contrasting images. Hospitals can be seen as powerful symbols of the Muslim scientific civilization and then of modern medicine, nevertheless, they remained institutions relegated to the fringes of society – regarded with suspicion and usually reserved for the poor.
Contributors include: Cristiana Bastos, Willem Floor, Claudia Preckel, Omid Rezai, Fabrizio Speziale, Hasan Tadjbakhsh, Anna Vanzan

This book is copublished with the Institut Français de Recherche en Iran (IFRI) as no. 74 in the Bibliothéque Iranienne series.

Le présent ouvrage propose un panorama significatif d’études portant sur l’histoire et le rôle des hôpitaux dans le monde irano-indien au cours de la première modernité et de l’époque moderne. Les contributions rassemblées dans ce volume étudient l’hôpital depuis plusieurs perspectives, examinant cet établissement tantôt comme une institution scientifique, tantôt en fonction de son utilité sociale. Ce qui émerge de ces travaux ne constitue pas un portrait homogène, mais plutôt une image ambivalente et contrastée de ces établissements. Les hôpitaux peuvent être vus comme des symboles puissants de la piété des souverains musulmans, ou de la civilisation scientifique musulmane, puis du triomphe de la science occidentale moderne. Cependant, pour une très longue période, l’hôpital demeure une institution reléguée à la marge de la société, regardée avec suspicion et en particulier réservée aux indigents.

Ce livre est une coédition avec l’Institut Français de Recherche en Iran (IFRI) comme n◦ 74 dans la série Bibliothèque Iranienne

Lukas Anderson

Introduction State identity is assumed to play an outsized role in Iran’s foreign policy—partly due to the country’s claim to be a revolutionary theocratic republic and partly due to its intense ideological animosity toward the United States and its allies. In the extreme, some scholars and

Why Iran Has Not Developed the Nuclear Weapons

Understanding the Role of Religion in Nuclear Policies of Iran

Modongal Shameer and Seyed Hossein Mousavian

Iran is a country with technological capability for nuclear fuel cycle. This technological development makes international community concerned about the potential nuclear weaponization of Iran and proliferation. Scholars belonging to different theoretical backgrounds have analyzed the motivations

Orality and Textuality in the Iranian World

Patterns of Interaction Across the Centuries


Edited by Julia Rubanovich

The volume demonstrates the cultural centrality of the oral tradition for Iranian studies. It contains contributions from scholars from various areas of Iranian and comparative studies, among which are the pre-Islamic Zoroastrian tradition with its wide network of influences in late antique Mesopotamia, notably among the Jewish milieu; classical Persian literature in its manifold genres; medieval Persian history; oral history; folklore and more. The essays in this collection embrace both the pre-Islamic and Islamic periods, both verbal and visual media, as well as various language communities (Middle Persian, Persian, Tajik, Dari) and geographical spaces (Greater Iran in pre-Islamic and Islamic medieval periods; Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan of modern times). Taken as a whole, the essays reveal the unique blending of oral and literate poetics in the texts or visual artefacts each author focuses upon, conceptualizing their interrelationship and function.

Maryam Rutner

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/187471610X505979 Journal of Persianate Studies 3 (2010) 104-127 A Survey of the Discipline of Political Science in Iran Maryam Rutner New York Abstract This survey examines the content and purpose of the political science discipline

Geschichtsschreibung und Sinngeschichte in Iran

Historische Erzählungen von mongolischer Eroberung und Herrschaft, 1933-2011


Anja Pistor-Hatam

Bis heute werden die Eroberungen und die Herrschaft der Mongolen von vielen Iranerinnen und Iranern als traumatisches Ereignis oder gar als „Genozid“ angesehen. Diese Einschätzung spiegeln auch die im Iran der Pahlavizeit und der Islamischen Republik publizierten Monographien und Artikel zur Mongolenzeit wider, die vor allem als Lehrbücher an Schulen und Hochschulen verwendet werden. Daher besteht der wesentliche Ansatz in Anja Pistor-Hatams Analyse dieser historischen Erzählungen im Sinn, den ihre Autorinnen und Autoren den kontingenten Ereignissen dieser Epoche geben. Dabei bedienen sie sich vielfach Kohärenzfiktionen, die der Konstruktion von (nationaler) Identität und Selbstgewißheit dienen, wie der Vorstellung vom Phönix aus der Asche: niemals wird eine fremde Macht „Iran“ zerstören können, da es sich selbst nach dem „Mongolensturm“ in neuem Glanz wieder erhob.

The thirteenth-century Mongol invasions and their aftermath are largely seen as traumatic and even regarded as genocide by many Iranians. This is seen in the many texts on the subject published during the Pahlavi era and the Islamic Republic. In her book, Anja Pistor-Hatam takes a close look at these historical narratives and the meanings their authors give to the central events of this period. She explains how Iranian authors use fictions of coherence to construct their national identity as well as reassure themselves that there could never again be a power capable of destroying Iran.

Power, Islam, and Political Elite in Iran

A Study on the Iranian Political Elite from Khomeini to Ahmadinejad


Eva Rakel

The Iranian Islamic revolution brought about a political system based on a combination of state institutions that derive their legitimacy from Islamic law and republican institutions legitimized by the people. As there are no legal political parties in the Islamic Republic of Iran, political factions represent the varying ideological and material interests of members of the political elite and their supporters. This book analyzes the rivalries between the political factions and their related state institutions and the impact of the dynamics of factionalism on domestic (economic and socio-cultural) and foreign policy formulation. It shows that tensions inherent to the structure of state institutions and factional rivalries slow down the process of democratization and economic reforms in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Elite Discourse on Technology in Iran

Negotiating Technology, Modernity and Islam

Mehdi Semati, Mehdi Faraji and Yalda N. Hamidi

Introduction Contrary to some of the popular images of Iran, Iranian society enjoys many of the trappings of the 21 st century existence. Dizzying arrays of elements that seem to belong to radically different societies coexist in a dynamic social space. A rapidly expanding it sector, a

Katajun Amirpur

1 Preliminary Note: The Iranian Constitution of 1979 After the Islamic Revolution in Iran in late June 1979, an electoral law was published for the 72-member Assembly of Experts which had been elected on 3rd August, from 418 candidates. This Assembly worked out the constitution with

Saeid Golkar

(Miller, 1987 ). For example, although women’s issues in Iran have been studied extensively, the literature has mainly focused on secular and reformist movements and on the role of women in resisting and challenging male dominance and the repressive clerical establishment (e.g. Milani 1992 ; Kian 1997