In the framework of the project ‘ Ichthyophagoi : their culture and economy. Landscape and people during the IronAge in coastal Oman’ a second archaeological campaign was carried out at Bimah from December 5th, 2015 to January 3rd, 2016. The 2015 field season focused on the excavation of the hut
nutrition and culinary practices and can be used to illuminate political and economic trends in past societies. Two notions shaped recent analyses of the animal economy in the southern Levant in the Bronze and IronAges: a recent study suggests that animal husbandry was based on strategies of survival and
The goal of the present study is to present a general catalogue followed by a discussion of metal horse bits found in Transcaucasia, mostly from the Iron Age. Starting from the earliest evidence dating to the last stage of the Late Bronze Age, all types of metal bits attributable to indigenous cultures are considered. Urartian and Scythian metal bits are not included, since they have already been widely studied, thus keeping the range of this analysis from the Late Bronze Age to the Achaemenid period.
The present article seeks to analyze these dynamics during the first centuries of the IronAge in a well-specified area located south of the main Caucasus range, i.e. Transcaucasia, today divided among the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Since the fall of the Soviet empire
Although Shona society has undergone much change, it is still a valid source of hypotheses about Iron Age burials. Death is part of a cycle that underpins the separate treatment of infants, children, young adults and adults. Everyone except chiefs should lie in a sleeping posture, and their location in the settlement depends on age, status and kinship. Adults should point westerly and lie on their left or right side depending on their status and gender. Everyone must be buried, including strangers and social outcasts, and anomalies to the normal pattern also follow cultural rules. The Shona rules have multiple points of correspondence with burials at Kgaswe and other Iron Age sites in southern Africa. Shona ethnography fits the archaeological data well because it is part of a larger nexus of Eastern Bantu culture: in contrast, Western Bantu ethnography does not fit the archaeology. Successful interpretations such as this involve the recursive interplay between ethnographic and archaeological data.
Ancient metallurgy has remained one of Aslıhan’s chief interests throughout her long and fruitful career. Here I offer in appreciation the modest collection of arrowheads that have been found at the Middle IronAge capital, probably ancient Pteria, in central Turkey. 2 Several factors give this
This volume presents a functional and typological study of the Iron Age artefacts recovered during six years of excavation at the site of Tall Jawa, in central Jordan.
The introduction presents information on the recording and classification system used to identify artefact types. The main chapter presents each category of artefact with examples of the most representative items, and their parallels from sites in Israel and Syria. Examples include jewellery, figurines, weapons, food processing tools, and tools used in a variety of crafts and industries. A CD-ROM is included, containing the database and illustrations of all registered items dating to the Iron Age (100-600 BC).
Large quantities of charred seeds of field crops were found in a granary at early Iron Age (end of the eleventh century BCE) Tel Hadar, located at the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. They include mainly local naked wheat (Triticum parvicoccum), as well as bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum) seeds. While the wheat was heavily infested by two major storage pest beetles – granary weevil (Sitophilus granarius) and a newcomer, the lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica) – the two pulses were much less infested. The presence of a large number of adults and larvae of R. dominica suggests that the granary was burned in mid or late summer. Seeds of the weed Lolium temulentum and several other weeds were also found.
For almost a century scholars have been perplexed by Cypro-Phoenician (or Black-on-Red) pottery. In this major study, Dr. Schreiber’s research, coupled with her own work in the field, resolves the pottery’s origin and provides a fresh assessment of the chronology of the region. Transporting perfumed oil around the Mediterranean and Near East, the pottery offers valuable clues to Iron Age trade - shipping, cargoes, and trading entrepots. Dr Schreiber investigates the sources of perfumed oil and the relative roles of Cyprus and Phoenicia in trade to the Aegean islands. The book provides archaeologists and historians with a work of key significance in unravelling the human narrative of the early centuries of the 1st millennium BC.