Mircea Platon

part, Marin referred to Legionnaires as the ‘pioneers of a new religion.’ 39 Marin’s anti-Semitism was thus ideological, principled, and ontologically rooted in racism. Marin noted that the Iron Guard’s actions were prompted by ‘the conscience of a superiority of race – the same conscience that had

"liberated" Bulgaria. Chapter 12 Antonescu Ousts the Iron Guard ' Shortish, with a cavalry officer's bandy legs, bulbous-eyed and slack-mouthed, General Antonescu was hardly prepossess ing at first sight. Yet the briefest talk with him revealed him to be snappish, unbending, and authoritarian. He had

Raul Cârstocea

ideology and propaganda in the case of the ‘Legion of the Archangel Michael’ or Iron Guard, Romania’s interwar fascist movement, might shed some light on the spectacular growth in popularity of an organisation that developed in the space of a decade from a group of five students to the only lasting mass

Mihai Stelian Rusu

as well as men. Time and again, the Romanian woman was summoned to join arms with the Legionary men in their fight to redeem the nation. The Legionary sister, says a female contributor in the columns of Buna Vestire , should embrace her role as a fighter. Enrolled in the Iron Guard, wearing the

Constantin Iordachi and Blasco Sciarrino

improvised podium: many viewers argued that the crowd animator was no other than Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, the leader of the Legion of ‘Archangel Michael’/the Iron Guard. This hypothesis was rightfully refuted by more informed viewers, who pointed out that the dressing style and allure of the speaker do not

Cristiano Grottanelli

activism on behalf of the Legion of the Archangel Michael, or the Iron Guard, the nationalistic and anti-Semitic movement lead by Corneliu Codreanu. Sacrificial ideology was a central aspect of the Legion’s political theories, as well as of the practice of its mem- bers. After the Iron Guard was outlawed

Roger Griffin

extensively based on Nazism. Even in the mid-1990s Stanley Payne, yet to be superseded as a conceptually sophisticated historian of generic fascism in all its many inter-war permutations, still categorized Italian and German fascism as ‘the dominant type’, while Falangism and the Iron Guard are classified as

-Cultural Comparison. Toward a Better Understanding of International Fascism 62–63 Volume 1, No. 2 Articles Mircea Platon: The Iron Guard and the ‘Modern State’. Iron Guard Leaders Vasile Marin and Ion I. Moţa, and the ‘New European Order’ 65–90 Roger Griffin: Introduction to M.S. Quine’s ‘Racial “Sterility

Vladimir Socor and Yeshayahu Jelinek

DOCUMENT VLADIMIR SOCOR (New York, U.S.A.) YESHAYAHU JELINEK (Philadelphia, U.S.A.) compilers, translators, and editors Polish Diplomatic Reports on the Political Crisis in Romania, September 1940 The Iron Guard's advent to power in September, 1940, remains one of the least documented chapters

PAUL A. SHAPIRO

attention than it has received. After its creation in 1935 as a nationalistic and virulently anti-Semitic party of the conservative Right,2 the National Christian Party was unquestionably the leading competitor of the well-known Right-radical Iron Guard among the new breed of Romanian political "parties"3