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Bas van Os

have been written by the former Valentinian Julius Cassianus or his followers. 7 Clement of Alexandria, in book iii of his Stromata , criticizes Cassianus and his treatise On Continence and Celibacy for the rejection of marriage. There are both striking resemblances and omissions when compared

John C. Johnson

Christianity in Alexandria, Löhr examines the Alexandrian “Gnostic,” follows up with a lengthy section on Basilides and his school, a short section on Julius Cassianus, and a paragraph on Carpocrates (433). The section ends with a chapter by Ralf Sedlak on Clement and Peter Gemeinhardt’s chapter focusing on

Gedaliahu G. Stroumsa

, in its turn, is based upon their belief that "birth is something evil" ; in Clement's s words, again: "This is the ground upon which Docetism is held by [Julius] Cassianus and by Marcion also, and on which Valentinus indeed teaches that Christ's body was 'psychic'. They say: 'Man became like the

Erik Peterson

und eschatologischen Charakter evident zu machen. 14) Vgl. das Aegypter Evangelium bei Clemens Alex., Stromata, III, 6, 45 (cfr. 9, 66, Exc. ex Theod. 67); Julius Cassianus bei Clemens A1.III, 13, 92, vgl. II Clem. 12,2. Bei den Manichaern findet sich der Ausdruck: ,,Die Welt ist ganz Gebuit". - ' 15

Jarl Fossum and April D. De Conick

) neither male nor female."82 134 This saying is found in a discussion by Clement of Alexandria which focuses on the encratite understanding of "error", that is, sexual inter- course. Clement states that the encratite leader Julius Cassianus used this logion in order to substantiate his teaching that

G. Quispel

third book of his Stromateis, is en- gaging in polemics against Tatian, Julius Cassianus and the local Encra- tites of Alexandria. This, however, does not imply that the Encratites had already been expelled from the Church then and formed a separate sect in Alexandria. Certainly this Encratism had very

James A. Kelhoffer

opposition to any interpretation, including one that commends encratism, is evident. Two of the three surviving versions of the saying (2 Clem. 12:2b, 6b; Gos.Thom. 22) appear in nongnostic (that is, in nondemiurgical) contexts. Clement of Alexandria’s response to the “gnostic” encratist Julius Cassianus in

James A. Kelhoffer

) bemoans the use by the “gnostic” encratist Julius Cassianus of similar material purportedly from the Gospel of the Egyptians. Could the author of Second Clement, writing a generation or two before Clement of Alexandria, have cited such a saying in order to counteract an encratic interpretation of it, as

intercourse returned to Paradise on high. This corresponds almost literally with the view of the Alexandrian Encratite Julius Cassianus that the soul, having become female through concupiscence, has come down to the world of birth and death. C) Gregory of Nazianz describes in his Life of Cyprian and Justina

Daniel F. Caner

, eyyxaietav 61it 8\)ooepetaq ... KalayylX- 3,6,45,1 (216): Toi; 5i EÙ<P1Í?mç 8t' eyxpaieiaS aoepoDoiv gy TE 't-f1V xii6tv Kai IOV äywv 8r?wtovpyov. On Julius Cassianus and his work, see 3,13,91-92. Ibid., 3,15,99,1 (241), refuting Cassianus' use of Is. 56:3 with Mt. 19:12 (see 3,13,91,2) 406 through