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Substance: House Owners and House Property in the Seventeenth Century Ankara and Kayseri . Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 154, 200-210. Gradeva, Rossitsa. “Orthodox Christians in the Kadi Courts: the Practice of the Sofia Sheriat Court, Seventeenth Century”. In: Id. , Rumeli under the

In: Oriente Moderno

first, 1612 for the latter. 5 S.v. « Sicill » (Virginia Vacca), İslâm Ansiklopedisi ; s.v. , « Si dj ill » (Faroqhi Suraiya), EI 2 ; Jennings, Ronald C. “Kadi, Court and Legal Procedure in 17th Century Ottoman Kayseri”. SI , 48 (1978), p. 133-172. 6 Kuran, Timur. Mahkeme Kayıtları Işığında

In: Oriente Moderno

Abstract

The attitude of Balkan Christians to Ottoman rule has been subject to various, often contradictory, assessments. In this essay I examine one aspect of this subject, namely, the Christian attitude toward the sheriat court as a judicial institution, as reflected in kadı sicils from Sofia and other Balkan cities and in documents issued by Orthodox Christian ecclesiastical authorities from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries. Examination of these sources reveals that Christians frequently chose the sheriat judge over that of the church courts. In most cases this behaviour can be explained by the desire of the Christian litigants to seek out the court that would provide the most favourable solution to the dispute. The participation of Christians in sheriat court proceedings strengthens the impression that they did not avoid the sheriat court in practice, despite the hostility manifested by Christian religious authorities toward such behaviour. Indeed, the sources point to relatively smooth relations between the two communities in the Ottoman Balkan provinces in the period immediately preceding the national awakening of Balkan peoples.

In: Islamic Law and Society
Fluidity and Leverage
The Istanbul guilds of the Ottoman Empire witnessed a period of profound economic and political turbulence throughout the seventeenth century. Drawing on the kadi court records of Istanbul, the author explores issues of guild organization, questions the so-called traditionalism of Ottoman guilds, and examines the ability of the guilds to negotiate with the state during times of peace, war and revolt. Not only does this study shed new light on the question of what the Ottoman guilds were and what they were capable of, but it also places the guilds of Istanbul into the wider, dynamic context of contemporary history. This work is a valuable addition to anyone interested in Ottoman social and political history.
The Question of the Holy Sites in Early Ottoman Times
A major issue in nineteenth-century world politics, the question of Christianity's holiest shrines in Jerusalem is covered by a large body of literature. Most of this scholarship, however, concentrates on the period when the question of the Holy Sites has already evolved from a domestic Ottoman problem into an all-European issue. Much less is known about this problem in earlier times, when the Ottoman Empire was still a dominant power able to propose solutions free of foreign interference and outside pressures.
Based on official Ottoman records found in the registers of the kadi's court in Jerusalem as well as the Prime Ministry's Archives in Istanbul, the present study offers a thorough treatment of Ottoman policy with respect to the Holy Sites during the first two centuries of Ottoman rule in Jerusalem. It focuses on three principal issues: (a) The legal status of the Holy Sites under Ottoman rule; (b) The Ottoman state and the inter-church struggle over the Holy Sites; (c) The Holy Sites as a source of income to the Ottoman state.
The discussion of these issues sheds new light on one of the most obscure and controversial chapters in the history of Christianity under Islam in Jerusalem.

, because the kadi courts offered a public space that facilitated legal recourse for women, on whom the legal system had a significant impact by way of regulations and chastisements, and also because the courts offered the possibility of resolving problems and conflicts independent of familial norms. 16

In: Hawwa

IVANOVA, S. Muslim and Christian women before the Kadı court in eighteenth century Rumeli: marriage problems Oriente Moderno, 18 (79) i (1999) pp.161-176 ( Kadı sicils of the towns of Sofia, Ruse, Vidin & Silistra.) IVANOVA, Svetlana, ZUBAIDA HATUN & OSMAN AğA, Esseid. The divorce between Zubaida

, and people, such as workers in the Hasan Paşa Hamamı in San’a or the post and telegram opera- tors in Hudayda in 1911. Published sources on Ottoman Crete I: Eleni Karantzikou and Pinelopi Photeinou, Ιεροδικείο Ηρακλείου. Τρίτος κώδικας (1669/1673-1750/1767) [ Kadı Court of Heraklion. Th ird Codex

In: Turkish Historical Review