Kintampo is the earliest Late Stone Age complex in sub-Sahelian West Africa in which food-production is known to have played a certain contribution to human diet. Likewise, it is one of the best investigated archaeological manifestations in this part of the African continent
Evidence for the earliest food production, symbolic representation and open air .village communities. in sub-Sahelian West Africa is associated with the Kintampo Tradition ca 3600 bp-3200 bp. This signals a profound transition in socio-economic organisation and technology as available evidence indicates that indigenes of the savanna-forest/forested zone comprised mobile and widely dispersed bands of hunter-gatherers. The Kintampo was originally viewed as a product of migration from the Sahel, but more recently, a syncretic development engendered by the adoption of northern traits by indigenous Punpun Tradition hunter-gatherers has been postulated. Both models are re-considered in view of a series of excavations of rock shelters in central Ghana, including a further re-excavation of K6, which yielded material culture of both traditions. Results are supplemented by a review of previous research, analysis of archival material, consideration of the wider archaeological context of West Africa and enthoarchaeological studies. The model proposed here challenges previous hypotheses for the emergence of the Kintampo out of existing local hunter-gatherer populations.
This study reports on the analysis of macrobotanical remains recovered at three of the B-sites rock shelters in central Ghana (B4C, B5C, B6B), which were excavated under the auspices of the Kintampo Archaeological Research Project (KARP). These rock shelters yielded large quantities of Kintampo material culture as well as pottery attributed to the Punpun. The overall aims are to further our understanding of prehistoric subsistence in tropical West Africa and to address some outstanding issues relating to the economic role of oil palm through the study of macrobotanical remains. Although palynological evidence indicates a substantial rise in oil palm pollen during the Late Holocene, various interpretations of this increase have been proposed. To date, sampling and analysis of macrobotanical remains have not been designed to investigate the nature of oil palm utilisation during this period. We argue that simple archaeobotanical quantification methods indicate that oil palm use during Kintampo occupations of sites B4C, B5C, and B6B and possibly other locales was significant. As such, humans should not be ruled out as agents having an impact on Late Holocene landscapes of West Africa. These and other archaeobotanical data from tropical Africa suggest that arboriculture was a component of prehistoric subsistence.
known as Alhaji Boyo b. c. 1905, d. 14 December 1988. NU/Wilks FN 106, 190. Isḥāq Boyo was a Sissala who converted to Islam in the late nineteenth century. He settled in Kintampo, and came to be recognised by the British colonial administration as Sarkin Gurensi, chief of its Gurensi (or Grunshi
To date, archaeological sites dated between the 7th and 4th millennia cal BC are rare in West Africa. The Neolithic workshop of Promontoire at Ounjougou, Mali, had specialized in the bifacial shaping of armatures on sandstone, a local raw material. This industry was discovered in the upper section of a sequence of mixed fine red loess, dated near the site within an interval between the 6th and 4th millennia cal BC (OSL date of 6.3 ± 0.8 ka), while the geomorphological analysis of the zone and the insertion of the site into neighbouring sequences by radiocarbon dating yield a terminus ante quem of 3500 cal BC, confirming the attribution of the sequence to the Middle Holocene. While typological similarities exist between this bifacial industry and those of the Tilemsi Valley, the Windé Koroji, in southwest Nigeria and the Kintampo culture in Ghana, there remains a significant chronological discrepancy. Moreover, the archaeological material from West African sites contemporaneous with Promontoire Néolithique is most often characterized by a microlithic industry. In the present state of knowledge, the industry of Promontoire Néolithique, chronologically isolated, falls within a dynamic of population movement or influences preceding the current aridity, perhaps associated with climatic changes that took place during the Middle Holocene between the 6th and 3rd millennia cal BC.
, Rwanda, and Burundi rely heavily on the distribution and affinities of dimple-based pottery which is known to be an early Iron Age product. In Ghana the evidence for the earlier Iron Age is more inferential and Ozanne points out the Kintampo culture as belonging to the period of iron introduction. In
Ghana the evidence for the earlier Iron Age is more inferential and Ozanne points out the Kintampo culture as belonging to the period of iron introduction. In South Africa Inskeep reviews the
156 meagre field data on the subject over the last 20 years, and pleads for some modern interdisciplinary
expanded to Kintampo in the Brong-Ahafo Region in 1971 and to Nsawam and Kumasi the following year in the Eastern and Ashanti regions respectively, it could not compete with the national dominance of the Fayda movement. In most towns, the Tijaniyya’s initial reaction to Salafi activities in the 1970s
“Political Traditions and Electoral Politics in Kintampo North and South, Sissala West and Wa Central.”
Voting for Democracy in Ghana: the 2004 elections in perspective.
Vols. 1 & 2
refittable vessels and thousands of potsherds as well as nine radiocarbon dates. The occupation comprises nine periods grouped into three phases that are widely separated in time. The first seems to have some connection with the Kintampo culture. A long time later an apparently short-lived phase, lasting no