© Koninklijke Brill NV. Leiden 2003 Historiography East & West 1:2 Old Myth into New History: The Building Blocks of Liang Qichao’s “New History” Peter Zarrow Institute for Modern History Academia Sinica, Taiwan Keywords: Chinese historiography; Liang Qichao; late Qing; evolutionism; sage
The legacy of Liang Qichao 梁启超 (1873–1929) continues in the renewed public discourse of guoxue (国学) or the national classics in contemporary China and in the interdisciplinary study of modern China worldwide. Liang is best known for his scholarship on the historiography of China and his
After the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95), leading late Qing intellectuals such as Liang Qichao introduced modern political concepts in a highly affective fashion, making the passionate interest in and adoption of western-imported political concepts a hallmark of Chinese modernity. What are these highly personalized affective experiences like? What have given rise to them? How can the study of these experiences broaden our understanding of modernity, and myriad modernizing experiences, in China and other similar cultural contexts? More importantly, how can the use of affect and emotion as analytical categories offer us better insights into some of the most radical intellectual and political transformations that have taken place in China? To answer these questions, perhaps we need to look elsewhere than the semantic content of language. This article focuses on the incipient moments of this affective trend in late Qing China and studies the formation of discursive “text” as the production of sensational “object.” It examines musical and visual appeals Liang Qichao generated for two recently translated political concepts, “national citizen” (guomin) and “revolution” (geming), in historical biographies published in New Citizen Journal in 1902. By exemplifying that Liang’s semantic text was intended to be circulated as an audio text and pictorial text, and that modern concepts had been received as literary as well as auditory and visual experiences, I argue that Chinese modernity often teeters in a state of aesthetic ambivalence. It is displaced and suspended from discursive meanings of the constructed discourse resulting from cross cultural exchanges and consolidated by power relations on both the local and the international levels.
This paper examines early discussions of stock exchanges by Max Weber, Liang Qichao, and Kang Youwei and considers their contemporaneity. Despite different contexts, the discussions shared a nineteenth-century preoccupation with global competition and Darwinian struggles for survival. All reveal the attendant anxieties of latecomer nations experiencing belated modernity. Weber, however, wrote from a position that embraced German colonialism, whereas Liang and Kang’s advocacy of stock exchanges was marked by concerns for the Chinese nation that emerged as a result of the experience of colonialism and economic imperialism.
Front. Lit. Stud. China 2012, 6(1): 2–18 DOI 10.3868/s010-001-012-0002-1 Ban Wang ( ) School of Humanities & Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-2000, USA E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org RESEARCH ARTICLE Ban Wang Geopolitics, Moral Reform, and Poetic Internationalism: Liang Qichao’s
Harriet T. Zurndorfer
Edited by Bonnie S. McDougall and Anders Hansson
Individual chapters examine inscriptions on early bronzes, medical case histories in the Ming and Qing dynasties, fictional representations of privacy experiences, discussions on public and private virtue by Liang Qichao, the role (or absence) of privacy issues in letters in early imperial China, and the function and values of privacy, secrecy and seclusion in the correspondence between Lu Xun and Xu Guangping.
As the first treatment of Chinese concepts of privacy in any language, the book is interdiscipinary by nature and pays particular attention to the terminology and methodology of privacy studies.