In their pioneering book on the Stone Age cultures of southern Africa John Goodwin and Clarence van Riet Lowe (1929) described the dawn of the LSA as the arrival on a “wider and better known field” compared to the preceding MSA . It was considered to be the first time that
Medieval Encounters promotes discussion and dialogue across cultural, linguistic and disciplinary boundaries on the interactions of Jewish, Christian and Muslim cultures during the period from the fourth through to the sixteenth century C.E.
Culture is defined in its widest form to include art, all manner of history, languages, literature, medicine, music, philosophy, religion and science. The geographic limits of inquiry will be bounded only by the limits in which the traditions interacted. Confluence is also understood broadly, to allow explorations of indirect intercultural interactions and exchange, and comparative approaches are also encouraged.
Articles may deal with specific texts, events or phenomena, as well as theories of interpretations and analysis. The journal will actively promote a representative spread across all the humanistic disciplines and scholarly communities. All articles will be refereed by members of the editorial board and other scholars on the basis of their scholarly merit and the degree to which they promote our understanding of Jewish, Christian and Muslim relations in the Middle Ages. Articles may be written in English, French, German, Italian, or Spanish.
Managing editor Ryan Szpiech
Associate Professor, Romance Languages & Judaic Studies
University of Michigan
4108 MLB, 812 E. Washington St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1275
to whom enquiries may be sent.
Online submission: Articles for publication in
Medieval Encounters can be submitted online through
Editorial Manager, please
Open Access options, please
different times/origins, the co-occurrence of lithics at each of the clusters indicates a widespread occupation of the area by Kintampo or other LSA complex (see ‘Analysis of pottery and lithics’ attached to the end of the paper).
Particularly the last of the concentrations discovered (Nter 5) called
Evidence for the earliest food production, symbolic representation and open air .village communities. in sub-Sahelian West Africa is associated with the Kintampo Tradition ca 3600 bp-3200 bp. This signals a profound transition in socio-economic organisation and technology as available evidence indicates that indigenes of the savanna-forest/forested zone comprised mobile and widely dispersed bands of hunter-gatherers. The Kintampo was originally viewed as a product of migration from the Sahel, but more recently, a syncretic development engendered by the adoption of northern traits by indigenous Punpun Tradition hunter-gatherers has been postulated. Both models are re-considered in view of a series of excavations of rock shelters in central Ghana, including a further re-excavation of K6, which yielded material culture of both traditions. Results are supplemented by a review of previous research, analysis of archival material, consideration of the wider archaeological context of West Africa and enthoarchaeological studies. The model proposed here challenges previous hypotheses for the emergence of the Kintampo out of existing local hunter-gatherer populations.
The conversion of the Zeekoe Valley Archaeological Project survey data to a GIS format allows rapid and accurate analysis of this large hunter-gatherer database. During the 16-month survey 13,866 prehistoric Stone Age sites were recorded and plotted on aerial photographs. These site locations and archaeological data can now be analysed in a manner never possible before the conversion. The distribution and abundance of sites spanning over ~700,000 years of occupation demonstrates how human hunting and gathering societies organized themselves spatially on an African landscape. These results show how these different groups positioned themselves in different locations especially in relation to water sources in the semi-desert Karoo. These distributions show flexible patterns of spatial organization through the prehistoric past.
.g. Hovers & Kuhn 2006; Camps & Chauhan 2009). The other is practical, attempting to apply the criteria derived from theoretical considerations to the archaeological record (e.g. “transitional industries” of the Late Pleistocene in Europe and Africa, Early Upper Palaeolithic or early Late Stone Age ( lsa
37 Exploring the Gender Gap in Young Adults' Attitudes about Animal Research Linda K. Pifer1 CHICAGO ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Young adults' attitudes toward the use of animals in scientific research were examined by using data from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSA Y). A structural
(Mehlman 1989, Prendergast et al. 2007, Gliganic et al. 2012, Bushozi et al. 2017, 2020). The oldest symbolic artefacts of these finds include beaded ornaments and ochre, ranging from late Middle Stone Age ( MSA ) in Bed V to Late Stone Age ( LSA ), and Neolithic culture in the upper levels (Mehlman 1989