According to Article 68 of election law no. 25/2008, the Lebanese media must ensure that standards of fairness, balance and impartiality among candidates are guaranteed. The challenge for national television stations in the months leading up to election day on 7 June 2009 was to comply with the law not just in their ‘factual’ news reports but mostly in the popular editorial opening segment of their newscast which, by definition, is subjective. This leads to the question: how did the TV stations manage this contradiction inherent in the structure and nature of their evening news bulletin when covering parliamentary elections in 2009? To what extent could they actually be impartial in a hybrid genre (TV news editorial) that, by definition, also required them to express confessional/party-specific views on a major, divisive national event? Based on the literature of critical discourse analysis, I argue in this paper that for the most part they did this discursively, by relying heavily on a number of linguistic strategies, specifically implicitness/ambiguity and intertextuality. By doing so, they sought to mask their bias for or against candidates and parliamentary alliances and avoid possible penalties by the recently established electoral monitoring body (the SCEC).
troops from Lebanon, including the intelligence apparatus and military assets, to take place before the Lebaneseparliamentaryelections scheduled for between mid-April and mid-May.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan urged all parties in Lebanon to protect national unity after a car bomb in the capital
cases, 189-194 agriculture development banks, 191-192 right to association, 192-194 social insurance, 190-191 voting supervision, 189-190 Palestinian "right of return", 134-135, 136-137 Real Estate Financing Law, 194-206 Electoral law Egypt: voting supervision, 189-190 Lebanon: parliamentaryelections
. Disappointment within the SSNP at the party’s total defeat in the Lebaneseparliamentaryelections of 1960 may have been the catalyst. Conceivably, too, the party’s abiding adventurism, radicalism and militarism motivated the decision. In the event, the plot 14 See Eyal Zisser, The Challenge of Independence , pp
taken with the influence he believed Stewart had on voting patterns during the Bush/Gore election and hoped he could create a similar effect through satire in Lebanon, by pushing apathetic youths to vote in Lebaneseparliamentaryelections. 1 The showrunners saw themselves both as comics and educators
. 114. 93 A. Rabushka & K. Shepsle, Politics in Plural Societies: A Theory of Democratic Instability (Columbus: Longman, 1972), p. 21. 94 The resignation of Prime Minister Najib Mikati’s government in 2013 is demonstrable in this regard. 95 S. Haddad, ‘The LebaneseParliamentaryElections of 2005
. “ Stable instability: the Syrian conflict and the postponement of the 2013 Lebaneseparliamentaryelections .”
Third World Quarterly 36, no . 10 ( 2015 ): 1944 – 1967 .
. “ The “Rebirth” of Hizbollah: Analyzing the 2009