Christopher Grau

Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (2010) 387–396 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/174552410X511518 JOURNAL OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY 1 S. Matthew Liao, ‘Th e Basis of Human Moral Status’, Journal of Moral Philosophy 7.2 (2010): 159-79. Subsequent page references are given in

Benjamin Avichai Katz Sinvany

Northern Song, how many states had access to the gunpowder and metallurgical resources needed to engage in gunpowder innovation? It is likely that neighbors and combatants to the Northern Song, the Liao and Xia states, were exposed to gunpowder weapons. Through conflict, black market trade, and espionage


Daniel Kane

The Kitans established the Liao dynasty in northern China, which lasted for over two centuries (916-1125). In this survey the reader will find what is currently known about the Kitan language and scripts.
The language was very likely distantly related to Mongolian, with two quite different scripts in use. A few generations after their state was defeated, almost all trace of the Kitan spoken and written languages disappeared, except a few words in Chinese texts. Over the past few decades, however, inscriptions from the tombs of the Liao emperors and the Kitan aristocracy have been at least partially deciphered, resulting in a significant increase of our knowledge of the Kitan lexicon, morphology and syntax.

Xuefei Liao

Th e China Nonprofi t Review 1 (2009) 99-111 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/187651409X412741 Also available online – CNPR Th e Public Fundraising Journey of Grassroots NGOs: Th e Case of the Cultural Development Center for Rural Women Liao Xuefei

S. Liao

Time-Relative Interests and Abortion S. M ATTHEW L IAO Faculty of Philosophy Oxford University Oxford, UK The concept of a time-relative interest is introduced by Jeff McMahan to solve certain puzzles about the badness of death. Some people (e.g. McMahan and


Michael J. Walsh


This chapter explores the range of economic activities Buddhist monasteries engaged in during the Liao, Jin, and Song dynasties. Monasteries faced challenges similar to other social groups: Buddhist monks or nuns and their respective institutions wanted to be seen as legitimate, hoped to have a long institutional life and faced the challenge of accessing local support, attaining imperial recognition, and earning the respect and admiration of their peers. Monasteries had to raise considerable income to stabilize their social positions not to mention spread the Dharma. A particular monastery’s own forces of production would directly impact its social position and religiosity. These forces produced economic capital that would shape the institution’s ability to negotiate an identity for itself.

S. Matthew Liao

living things that we know are genetic-based life forms, to keep things simple, I called this the genetic basis for moral agency account of rightholding – henceforth, the genetic account. In “Moral Status, Speciesism, and Liao’s Genetic Account,” 2 Christopher Grau offers three objections to the

Hsien-Huei Liao

exploring weal and woe 347 EXPLORING WEAL AND WOE: THE SONG ELITE’S MANTIC BELIEFS AND PRACTICES by LIAO HSIEN-HUEI* National Chi Nan University, Taiwan Divination during the Song Period Divination was so commonplace among the Song literati that modern scholars rarely pose the kind of questions

S. Matthew Liao

South Carolina, and the Society for Applied Philosophy Congress at St. Anne’s College, Oxford, for their comments on earlier versions of this paper. Th e Basis of Human Moral Status * S. Matthew Liao Faculty of Philosophy , Oxford University Littlegate House 16/17 St. Ebbes Street Oxford OX1 1PT, UK