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Edited by Robert Kolb

Literature on confessionalization has opened new vistas for considering early-modern Christianity and its place in Western social-political contexts, but the ecclesiastical cultures of the period need further research and analysis to refine our focus on how Christians lived in their own communities and related to society at large. This volume’s essays assess eight elements of Lutheran life (its foundation in sixteenth-century processing of Luther’s legacy, university teaching, preaching, catechesis, devotional literature, popular piety, church and society, church and secular government) and two geographical areas (Nordic and Baltic lands, the kingdom of Hungary) to orient readers to current scholarly discussion and suggest further avenues for exploration and evaluation. Each offers perspectives on Lutherans’ attempts to practise their faith in the world.

Contributors are: Kenneth Appold, Gerhard Bode, Susan Boettcher, Christopher Boyd Brown, Robert Christman, David Daniel, Irene Dingel, Robert von Friedeburg, Mary Jane Haemig, and Eric Lund.
Lutheran Reformation
Sources, 1500-1650

A collection of source material documenting the Lutheran Reformation in Germany, during the period 1500-1600. The collection consists of 362 titles and is made up of works by prominent figures of the Lutheran Reformation such as Johanness Bugenhagen, Jakob Andreae, Matthias Flacius Illyricus, Martin Chemnitz, Tilemann Heshusius, Aegidus Hunnius, Johann Wigand and many others.

Henk van den Belt

Articles (1537). As we will see, there are hardly any differences between the Lutheran and Reformed views of the relationship between Word and Spirit in this early period. Next, a closer look will be taken at developments within the Reformed stream of the magisterial Reformation by analysing the Second

Grundmann, Christoffer H., Knuth, Hans Christian, Nüssel, Friederike and Schubert, Anselm

[German Version] I. Denominations: Lutheran Churches in History – II. Lutheran Churches Today – III. Statistical Survey – IV. Missions – V. Ecumenism Lutheranism denotes that portion of Christianity that traces its historical and theological origin to the Reformation of Martin Luther and uses his

Beth Ann Williams

1 Introduction Aepoli Yose Kitomari was fifteen when she joined the choir of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania ( ELCT ) in Sing’isi, a small farming community in northern Tanzania just east of Arusha. Born in 1962, Aepoli lived her whole life in and around Singi’si, raising three children

Sparn, Walter

The term Lutheranism (German Luthertum) was coined in 1544. Like the more common terms die Lutherischen, Lutherani, Lutheranismus, and so on, it was originally a pejorative exonym, implying the charge of heresy, applied to the adherents of the Reformation, who since the activities of Martin Luther

Hauschild, Wolf-Dieter and Hjelm, Norman A.

The term “Lutheranism” may be used in a variety of ways: as describing the form of Christianity that developed from the 16th-century Reformation at Wittenberg and most particularly from the teachings of its leader, Martin Luther (1483–1546); as describing the theological and confessional tradition

Bruce Marshall

Lutherans, Bishops, and the Divided Church 25 Lutherans, Bishops, and the Divided Church BRUCE D. MARSHALL [ECCL 1.2 (2005) 25–42] ISSN 1744 –1366 ABSTRACT Lutheran teaching on ministry, as embodied in the Lutheran Confessions, includes a strong preference for the traditional episcopate and

A Lutheran Plague

Murdering to Die in the Eighteenth Century

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Tyge Krogh

To kill someone purely in order to be sentenced to death and then to die at the hands of the executioner! Such murders were alarmingly frequent in eighteenth-century Lutheran Europe. The book traces the complex motives behind these crimes – an investigation that leads not only to the Pietist interest in saving the souls of those sentenced to death but also into some of the central elements of Lutheran soteriology and the idea of capital punishment as being divinely ordained.
The murders prompted special legislation and challenged the religious basis of the death penalty, and the killings and the logic behind them played an important role in debates about capital punishment, following Beccaria.
Although much less frequent than in Lutheran Europe, such crimes are still committed elsewhere in eighteenth-century Europe, and even in the present-day US. Thus they seem to go hand in hand with the death penalty, irrespective of time and space.

At dræbe nogen alene for at blive dødsdømt og henrettet af bødelen!. Sådanne mord var alarmerende hyppige i 1700-tallets lutherske Europa. Bogen eftersporer de komplekse motiver bag disse forbrydelser - en undersøgelse der fører ikke bare til det pietistiske engagement i at frelse de dødsdømtes sjæle, men også til centrale dele af den lutherske frelseforståelse og til forestillingen om, at dødsstraffene var direkte beordrede af Gud.
Bogen har selvmordsmordene i København og den danske stats bekæmpelse af selvmordsmordene som udgangspunkt, men indeholder også et europæisk udblik. Mordene førte til særlig lovgivning og udforderde de religiøst motiverede dødsstraffe. Her blev Danmark foregangsland, da man i 1767 helt ekstraordinært afskaffede dødsstraffen for disse mord.
Om end meget sjældnere end i det lutherske Europa ses selvmordsmord også i det øvrige Europa i 1700-tallet såvel som i vore dages USA. De synes således at ledsage dødsstraffen overalt, hvor den er i brug.

The Heavens and Hells We Believe In

Individual Eschatological Images as Conditioned by Denominational Culture and Personality

Emilia Wrocławska-Warchala and Michał Warchala

check whether differences in eschatological images between denominational groups can be found and described in terms of a specific style of religious experience. For this purpose the experiential style of the two denominational groups, Catholics and Lutherans, is discussed here. The theoretical