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Jos Biemans

may diff er greatly from the original one. Working with texts or illustrations in medieval manuscripts it is always important to benefi t from fl anking codicological research. Keywords palaeography, codicology, medieval manuscripts, medieval Dutch literature, auction catalogues, book collector Willem

Jos Biemans

both books as the poet’s working copies, as manuscripts which formed part of Velthem’s own literary archive. Keywords palaeography, codicology, medieval manuscripts, medieval Dutch literature, Lodewijk van Velthem, the Lancelot Compilation , Koninklijke Bibliotheek Th e Hague (MS  A ), Leiden

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Herman Brinkman

Abstract

The German poet/philologist Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798-1874) was celebrated during his lifetime for his pioneering work on medieval Dutch literature; after his death his philological merits were questioned. This article attempts to place Hoffmann’s pioneering work in perspective, taking into consideration his objectives in searching, listing and editing medieval Dutch folk song. Special attention is given to discrepancies between his research strategies in Germany and in the Netherlands. A muted response to his several appeals to Dutch literati to forward samples of medieval song, as well as his literary taste and preconceptions about what he believed was the extinction of a native song culture in Holland, prevented Hoffmann from recording the living heritage of folk song in the Netherlands. Hoffmanns views as an editor are also discussed with respect to his other, less academic objective: restoring medieval folk song to popularity.

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Marita Mathijsen

Abstract

Editing procedures for early Dutch literature went through four stages. Initially, in the eighteenth century, the main concern was the origins of the Dutch language. Next came a stage (decisively influenced by initiatives of German scholars) of collection and description with a view to the literary interest of early texts. This is the period when texts which nowadays still belong to the canon emerged from archival collections and libraries. The scholars involved also began to prepare editions by way of a scholarly and, as a rule, individual effort (third stage). By the 1840s this gave way to a concerted effort by five unruly Dutch junior scholars to professionalise editing procedures. They founded the ‘Association for the Advancement of Early Dutch Literature’, which made its mark with a feverish production of editions. The Association existed for a mere five years; yet in that short timespan it managed to alter editorial practice from the ground up and to effect a complete overhaul of the available knowledge of medieval Dutch literature.

Ruusbroec

Literature and Mysticism in the Fourteenth Century

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Geert Warnar

Jan van Ruusbroec (1293-1381), the most influential medieval Dutch author, is generally acknowledged to be one of the key figures in the tradition of Christian mysticism. This book concentrates on the medieval dimensions of Ruusbroec’s authorship. Warnar offers a comprehensive analysis of Ruusbroec’s oeuvre within the social, religious and literary frameworks of the fourteenth century Low Countries. Ruusbroec emerges as an author who was fully engaged in contemporary discussions on the contemplative life and mystical theology, as a charismatic guide who attracted a growing number of disciples first from the Low Countries but soon from all over Western Europe, and as the architect of a vernacular oeuvre of international interest from the Middle Ages to modern times.

Boethius in the Middle Ages

Latin and Vernacular Traditions of the Consolatio Philosophiae

Edited by Maarten Hoenen and Nauta

Boethius' Consolatio Philosophiae is one of those exceptional works that circulated widely throughout such diverse medieval cultures as the schools and universities, the court, and religious houses. It spawned a rich tradition of Latin commentaries and was a major force in shaping vernacular literary traditions, including the works of Jean de Meun, Dante, and Chaucer.
The changing perceptions of the Consolatio are the subject of this collection of new essays. The first section is devoted to the Latin commentary tradition (William of Conches, Nicholas Trevet, and Pierre d'Ailly). The other sections explore the vernacular traditions (Italian, French, German, English, and Dutch).
The book underlines the interactions between the Latin and the vernacular and between literary and scholastic contexts, and the focus throughout is on the intellectual and institutional background of the works discussed.

The Brendan Legend

Texts and Versions

Edited by Glyn S. Burgess and Clara Strijbosch

The Brendan Legend: Texts and Versions deals with the vast textual tradition relating to the Irish Saint Brendan, known as 'The Navigator'. Stories about Brendan have been popular in the whole of Western Europe, from the seventh to the twentieth century. The themes of the book are the interrelated problems of the textual and literary embedding of Brendan texts. For the first time researchers in Celtic, German, Latin and Romance languages and literatures have co-operated on the Brendan tradition, and they have mapped the changes in textual traditions according to different circumstances and audiences. This book will be important to those studying the influence of Celtic literature on the European Continent, and, more generally, to those interested in the versatility of textual traditions in Western Europe.

Meditatio – Refashioning the Self

Theory and Practice in Late Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual Culture

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Edited by Karl A. E.. Enenkel and Walter Melion

The late medieval and early modern period is a particularly interesting chapter in the development of meditation and self-reflection. Meditation may best be described as a self-imposed disciplinary regime, consisting of mental and physical exercises that allowed the practitioner to engender and evaluate his self-image, and thence to emend and refashion it. The volume aims at examining the forms and functions, ways and means of meditation from c. 1300 to c. 1600. It tries to analyze the internal exercises that mobilized the sensitive faculties of motion, emotion, and sense (both external and internal) and the intellective faculties of reason, memory, and will, with a view to reforming the soul, and the techniques of visualization that were frequently utilized to engage the soul’s mediating function as vinculum mundi, its pivotal position in the great chain of being between heaven and earth, temporal and spiritual experience.

Contributors include Barbara Baert, Wietse de Boer, Feike Dietz, Jan Frans van Dijkhuizen, Karl Enenkel, Jan de Jong, Walter Melion, Wolfgang Neuber, Hilmar Pabel, Jan Papy, Paul Smith, Diana Stanciu, Nikolaus Staubach, Jacob Vance, and Geert Warnar.

Bas Jongenelen and Ben Parsons

Culture of Persuasion (Cambridge, ); Herman Pleij, ‘The Rise of Urban Literature in the Low Countries,’ in Medieval Dutch Literature in its European Context , ed. Erik Kooper (Cambridge, ), pp. –. 64) Jacob van Maerlant, Van den lande van ouer zee , ed. Garmt Stuiveling (Amsterdam

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Brian Murdoch

Potter, see A. M. J. van Buuren, Der minnen loep van Dirc Potter. Studie over een middelnederlandse Ars Amandi (Utrecht: HES , 1979) and his chapter “Dirc Potter, a Medieval Ovid”, in: Medieval Dutch Literature in its European Context , ed. E. Kooper (Cambridge: CUP , 1994), pp.151–67; Fritz Pieter