The present volume contains seventeen essays on the Mamluk Sultanate, an Islamic Empire of slaves whose capital was in Cairo between the 13th and the 16th centuries, written by leading historians of this period. It discusses topics as varied as social and cultural issues, women in Mamluk society, literary and poetical genres, the politics of material culture, and regional and local politics. The volume presents state of the art scholarship in the field of Mamluk studies as well as an in-depth review of recent developments. Mamluk studies have expanded considerably in recent years and today interests hundreds of active researchers worldwide who write in numerous languages and constitute a vivid and strong community of researchers, some of whose best research is presented in this volume.

With contributions by Reuven Amitai; Frédéric Bauden; Yuval Ben-Bassat; Joseph Drory; Élise Franssen; Yehoshua Frenkel; Li Guo; Daisuke Igarashi; Yaacov Lev; Bernadette Martel-Thoumian; Carl Petry; Warren Schultz; Boaz Shoshan; Hana Taragan; Bethany J. Walker; Michael Winter; Koby Yosef; Limor Yungman.

Author: Albrecht Fuess

family. Thus, one would assume that it would be important to marry as early as possible into respected and rich families in order to create a lifelong network. What was peculiar in the context of Mamluk royal marriages is that they were often concluded after the preceding sultan had died. This is due

In: Eurasian Studies
Author: Amir Mazor

/1171-648/1250) rulers. However, the Mamluk period (648/1250-923/1517) marked deterioration in the position of physicians in the Muslim world, and that of Jewish physicians in particular. This change is related to a gradual decline of Islamic civilization that started in this period. In fact, the decline in the status

In: Medieval Encounters
This book is the first to date to be dedicated to the circulation of the book as a commodity in the Mamluk sultanate. It discusses the impact of princely patronage on the production of books, the formation and management of libraries in religious institutions, their size and their physical setting. It documents the significance of private collections and their interaction with institutional libraries and the role of charitable endowments ( waqf ) in the life of libraries. The market as a venue of intellectual and commercial exchanges and a production centre is explored with references to prices and fees. The social and professional background of scribes and calligraphers occupies a major place in this study, which also documents the chain of master-calligraphers over the entire Mamluk period. For her study the author relies on biographical dictionaries, chronicles, waqf documents and manuscripts.

RELATIONS OF THE GEORGIAN MAMLUKS OF EGYPT WITH THEIR HOMELAND IN THE LAST DECADES OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY BY DANIEL CRECELIUS AND GOTCHA DJAPARIDZE* Abstract This study uncovers the close relations the Georgian mamluks of Egypt maintained with their homeland in the late eighteenth century

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
Author: Jane Hathaway

male slaves. 4 These conventions were observed by most of the regional powers that emerged in the later centuries of ʿAbbāsid rule, as well. 5 2 Mamlūk Sultanate Innovations The Mamlūk Sultanate, which ruled Egypt, Syria, the Ḥijāz, and parts of southeastern Anatolia from 1250 until its defeat by the

In: Ottoman War and Peace
Al-Yūnīnī's Dhayl Mir'āt al-zamān
Author: Guo
This laudable work offers a study, translation and partial edition of one of the most important early Mamluk sources and its author. In addition to the work's contribution to Mamluk history, it also makes a significant contribution towards the ultimate goal of having the key texts of early Mamluk historiography accessible to scholars.
In volume I the life and work of al-Yūnīnī (d. 1326), the textual history of his Chronicle, its historiographic significance and textual filiation with other independent sources are presented and discussed. Volume II is an edition of the years 697-701/1297-1302 of al-Yūnīnī's Chronicle, collated with the extant fragments of al-Jazarī's (d. 1338) ḥawādith al-zamān.
Author: Amalia Levanoni

I Few formal distinctions of status existed in Medieval Muslim societies. Therefore, the civilian elite ( aʿyān ), among them the religious learned elite ( ʿulamāʾ ), in Mamluk Egypt and Syria (648-923/1250-1517), much like other medieval Muslim elites, created hierarchies among themselves

In: Arabica
Author: Leigh Chipman

This article will discuss aspects of pharmacy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries CE, when the central Islamic lands–which also form a central part of the Silk Road between China and Europe-were dominated by the Mamlūk Empire in Egypt and Syria, and the Mongol Īl–khāns in Iran. Exchanges of practical and theoretical knowledge occurred across the hostile frontier, but it remains ro be seen to what extent this affected the practice of community pharmacists in the Islamic world, let alone the theory used by docrors learned in the Arabic pharmacological tradition. As I have only very recently begun to study the Mongol side of things in greater depth, this article will be weighted towards the Mamluks, and I will point out areas that require further research before any definite conclusion can be reached. I will begin by discussing the state of pharmacy in Mamluk Egypt, continue to say a few words about the developments in pharmacology caused by the establishment of the Mongol Empire, and finally, discuss the status of pharmacists in hospitals under the Mongols and Mamlūks.

In: Asian Medicine
Veterinary Medicine in Medieval Islam
Housni Alkhateeb Shehada's Mamluks and Animals: Veterinary Medicine in Medieval Islam is the first comprehensive study of veterinary medicine, its practitioners and its patients in the medieval Islamic world, with special emphasis on the Mamluk period (1250-1517). Based on a large variety of sources, it is a history of a scientific field that is also examined from social and cultural perspectives. Horses, as well as birds of prey used for hawking and falconry, were at the centre of the veterinary literature of that period, but the treatment and cure of other animals was not totally neglected. The Mamluk period is presented here as the time when veterinary medicine reached its pinnacle in medieval Islam and often even surpassed human medicine.