The last few decades have been an immensely productive period in the study of the medieval Mongols historically, culturally, and intellectually. Cross-cultural encounters through Mongol Eurasia whether by warfare, conquest, trade, or diplomacy expands our previous limits of Central, East Asian or
The Mongols’ Middle East: Continuity and Transformation in Ilkhanid Iran offers a collection of academic articles that investigate different aspects of Mongol rule in 13th- and 14th-century Iran. Sometimes treated only as part of the larger Mongol Empire, the volume focuses on the Ilkhanate (1258-1335) with particular reference to its relations with its immediate neighbours. It is divided into four parts, looking at the establishment, the internal and external dynamics of the realm, and its end. The different chapters, covering several topics that have received little attention before, aim to contribute to a better understanding of Mongol rule in the Middle East and its role in the broader medieval Eurasian world and its links with China.
With contributions by: Reuven Amitai, Michal Biran, Bayarsaikhan Dashdondog, Bruno De Nicola, Florence Hodous, Boris James, Aptin Khanbaghi, Judith Kolbas, George Lane, Timothy May, Charles Melville, Esther Ravalde, Karin Rührdanz
The representation of Mongols in Italian art has been studied in the past, 1 but the focus of this contribution is specifically centred on Italian illuminated manuscripts of the fourteenth century. 2 Investigating well-known manuscripts and a new group of representations, it aims to shed light on
manuscript’s vast illustrative cycle, illuminated in the lower margin of each leaf throughout the book, and specifically on the representation of Mongols. 1 With this aim in view, I have examined the images in order to outline the ways in which the illuminator has represented the figures, identifying the
evaluating the intentions of the boyars.
Implicitly, Ostrowski is relying upon his all-encompassing revisionist reassessment of the Mongol impact on Muscovy to create a circumstantial case that enhances the plausibility of his theory about Simeon’s appointment. 31 In 2000 I devoted an entire article to
1 Introduction Mongol impact on the cities of medieval Iran has long been intensely debated. Specialists in Iranian history emphasise that many centres were destroyed during the first invasion of 617-8/1220-1 and that urban life continued to decline during the decades of non-Muslim rule following
Introduction This paper, which arises out of a book I recently published on the Islamic world under infidel Mongol rule, 1 seeks to take a fresh look at the Islamization of three of the four khanates into which the united Mongol empire fragmented after c . 1260, by comparing what we know about
The interaction between the Eurasian pastoral nomads - most famously the Mongols and Turks - and the surrounding sedentary societies is a major theme in world history. Nomads were not only raiders and conquerors, but also transmitted commodities, ideas, technologies and other cultural items. At the same time, their sedentary neighbours affected the nomads, in such aspects as religion, technology, and political culture. The essays in this volume use a broad comparative approach that highlights the multifarious nature of nomadic society and its changing relations with the sedentary world in the vicinity of China, Russia and the Middle East, from antiquity into the contemporary world.
The Mongol Empire between Myth and Reality, Denise Aigle presents the Mongol empire as a moment of contact between political ideologies, religions, cultures and languages, and, in terms of reciprocal representations, between the Far East, the Muslim East, and the Latin West. The first part is devoted to “The memoria of the Mongols in historical and literary sources” in which she examines how the Mongol rulers were perceived by the peoples with whom they were in contact. In “Shamanism and Islam” she studies the perception of shamanism by Muslim authors and their attempts to integrate Genghis Khan and his successors into an Islamic framework. The last sections deal with geopolitical questions involving the Ilkhans, the Mamluks, and the Latin West. Genghis Khan’s successors claimed the protection of “Eternal Heaven” to justify their conquests even after their Islamization.