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Introduction In Egypt’s parliamentary elections of November 2005, the Muslim Brotherhood won 88 of 454 seats, forming the largest opposition bloc in the country. At the time, the Brotherhood’s agenda was characterized by a new emphasis on democratic reform. This included demands widely backed

In: Sociology of Islam

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI 10.1163/187633711X591558 Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 204–223 brill.nl/melg Th e Muslim Brotherhood and Democratic Transition in Egypt Carrie Rosefsky Wickham Emory University Atlanta, Georgia, USA Abstract As Egypt’s largest

In: Middle East Law and Governance
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Introduction Previous studies of the Muslim Brotherhood have analyzed this movement through the lens of new social movements and rational actor theories. 1 These shed light on the organized nature of the Brotherhood, and its rational appeal to ordinary Egyptian citizens. However, up to the

In: Middle East Law and Governance

Observers of the Muslim Brotherhood (ar. ǧamāʿat al-iḫwān al-muslimīn , henceforth: Ikhwan) have frequently pointed out that Sufi Islam was an important influence for its founder Ḥasan al-Bannā (1906-1949). Among other things, the title carried by al-Bannā and his successors, muršid (guide

In: Oriente Moderno
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1 Introduction The radical changes that swept away some of the long-term political regimes during the Arab Spring uprisings opened the door for Islamist movements to seek more powers and claim larger roles in the politics of Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya. The Muslim Brotherhood movement (MB

In: Middle East Law and Governance
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1 Introduction 1 Jordan is quite special when it comes to Islamism, since its main Islamist organization – the Muslim Brotherhood – long enjoyed a good relationship with the regime in the Hashemite Kingdom, unlike in other Arab states. Since 1989, however – and apart from the

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In: Middle East Law and Governance

Introduction After 2011, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood (henceforth, “the Brotherhood”) witnessed a significant change: many members individually disengaged from its ranks. It is difficult to define this mass exit as a phenomenon. Just as exact figures regarding the precise number of persons who

In: Middle East Law and Governance

Introduction The January 25th, 2011 uprising culminated in unprecedented political gains for the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. For the first time since its inception in 1928, the Brotherhood was able to rise to power. In early 2012, the Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party won 47 percent of

In: Middle East Law and Governance
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Introduction The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood (henceforth, Brotherhood) is not new to repression. Since its establishment in 1928, Egyptian regimes in turn repressed or co-opted the movement into the political system to suit their objectives. However, in all instances in which it was violently

In: Middle East Law and Governance
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Introduction For almost eight decades, the Muslim Brotherhood (MB hereafter) prolonged as one of the most potent and active Islamist movements in the Middle East and beyond. Despite the constant waves of repression and exclusion under different regimes, the MB succeeded not only to survive but