This volume aims to assess the longstanding debate over the role played by the Italian Renaissance in the history of European intellectual culture. The authors engage in an interpretative conversation with thinkers such as Jacob Burckardt, Ernst Cassirer, Eugenio Garin, Paul Oskar Kristeller, whose works have influenced critical discourse on modernity and Renaissance Humanism over the last one hundred and fifty years. The studies presented in this collection contribute to this discussion from a variety of perspectives: scientific, theological, political, and literary. The result is a multifaceted illumination of the intellectual history of the Italian Renaissance.
At issue in the present chapter is telling stories and histories of naming while crossing New World geographies and cultures of the sea in Derek Walcott’s book-length epic Omeros and Langston Hughes’ poems, ‘Negro,’ ‘The Negro speaks of Rivers’ and ‘The Negro Mother.’ My assumption is that the titles of these poems weave around a multiplicity of stories retracing genealogies of linguistic roots and liquid routes associated with the history and geography of violence in the times of slavery. If the namesake ‘Omeros’ plays on the contrapuntal relation between the original Greek name relating to the culture of the sea and the Western canonized ‘Homer,’ it nevertheless vehicles Caribbean Creole culture. In this way, ‘Omeros’ is split into three Creole semantic associations: ‘O’ echoes the ‘conch-shell’s invocation,’ ‘mer’ standing for ‘mother and sea,’ and ‘os’ representing ‘a grey bone and the white surf.’ The Antillean patois processing of ‘Omeros’ exemplifies how names ramify beyond their original meaning to articulate stories of Caribbean fishermen. The word ‘Negro,’ in turn, opens up a ‘space of play’ between the Old World and the New World as it thrusts into relief stories of subjugation during Middle Passage experience of slave ships sailing from Africa across the Atlantic to the Caribbean or the Americas. What is important is how ‘Negro’ speaks volumes about its own story, signifying thereby beyond its race or colour etymology to convey stigmatization. It also tells the story of how ‘Negro’ has become the very site of pride and identity-assigning determinant which marks the contribution of Blacks in human culture. I will show how Walcott and Hughes dig into the cultural metaphorics of black people in the New World while retracing imperial meridians and revisiting ancestral geographies.
Muscling in on New Worlds brings together a dynamic new collection of studies that approach sport as a window into Jewish identity formation in the Americas. Articles address football/soccer, yoga, boxing, and other sports as crucial points of Jewish interaction with other communities and as vehicles for reconciling the legacy of immigration and Jewish distinctiveness in new world national and regional contexts.
Making the New World Their Own,
Qiong Zhang offers a systematic study of how Chinese scholars in the late Ming and early Qing came to understand that the earth is shaped as a globe. This notion arose from their encounters with Matteo Ricci, Giulio Aleni and other Jesuits. These encounters formed a fascinating chapter in the early modern global integration of space. It unfolded as a series of mutually constitutive and competing scholarly discourses that reverberated in fields from cosmology, cartography and world geography to classical studies. Zhang demonstrates how scholars such as Xiong Mingyu, Fang Yizhi, Jie Xuan, Gu Yanwu, and Hu Wei appropriated Jesuit ideas to rediscover China’s place in the world and reconstitute their classical tradition.
Winner of the Chinese Historians in the United States (
CHUS) "2015 Academic Excellence Award"
Wandering into Brave New World explores the historical contexts and contemporary sources of Aldous Huxley’s 1932 novel which, seventy years after its initial publication remains the best known and most discussed dystopian work of the twentieth century. This new study addresses a number of questions which still remain open. Did his round-the-world trip in 1925-1926 provide material for the novel? Did India’s caste system contribute to the novel’s human levels? Is there an overarching pattern to the names of the novel/s characters? Has the role of Hollywood in the novel been underestimated? Is Lenina Crown a representative 1920s “flapper”? Did Huxley have knowledge of and sources for his Indian reservation characters and scenes quite independent of and more accurate than those of D. H. Lawrence’s writings? Did Huxley’s visit to Borneo contribute anything to the novel? New research allows substantive answers and even explains why Huxley linked such figures as Henry Ford and Sigmund Freud. It also shows how the novel overcomes its intense grounding in 1920s political turmoil to escape into the timelessness of dystopian fiction.
occurring in the NewWorld tropics. The subfamily is considered monophyletic based on a suite of apomorphies (ocelli displaced forward; sternopleural (katepisternal) bristles in a dense vertical fan of bristle-like hairs; subscutellum vestigial, not convex; epandrium bilaterally compressed (male); and
scale. I thus begin with a brief overview of the roots and geographical spread of both processes, to highlight the ancestry and globality of smelting in Eurasia, compared to the much shorter lifetime of the mercury process used predominantly in the NewWorld. Having established the technical and
Church-state relations have always been important but the need for an historical re-evaluation has been heightened by recent developments in the relations between governments and religious bodies. Drawing on a wide range of historical case-studies this book focuses particularly on the way in which the traditional European Old World fusion of church and state was reshaped in the New World of European settler colonies of the United States, Australia and New Zealand. Its analysis illuminates both the historical dynamics of such changes and the way in which such developments continue to influence the conduct of church-state relations in both the Old and the New Worlds.
scholars and artisans. 1 The articles in this volume offer interventions in the history of encounters between newworlds and the intellectual traditions inherited from and informed by classical antiquity, in the period roughly spanning 1450-1850. Ranging in scope from medical treatments to devil