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Author: Aurora Panzica

L’existence de liens historiques et doctrinaux entre Jean Buridan, Nicole Oresme, Albert de Saxe, Marsile d’Inghen et Thémon Juif est à l’origine de la notion d’≪ École de Buridan ≫. Bien qu’il ait été démontré que ce concept ne reposait pas sur des bases institutionnelles 1 , de nombreuses

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In: Vivarium
A Critical Edition of Oresme's Treatise on Optics and Atmospheric Refraction, with an Introduction, Commentary, and English Translation
Author: Dan Burton
In this critical edition and translation of Nicole Oresme’s On Seeing the Stars, the renowned 14th-century natural philosopher proposes that the stars are not where they seem. And perhaps nothing is where it seems. In this earliest treatise on atmospheric refraction, Oresme uses optics and infinitesimals to help solve this vexing problem of astronomy. He is the first to propose that light travels along a curve through the atmosphere – two centuries before Hooke and Newton, who are credited with the discovery. Further, he calls all sense data into doubt. Oresme’s argument concerning the curvature of light is a major milestone in the history of science, confirming that Oresme was one of the most innovative scientists of the pre-modern world.
Editor: Aurora Panzica
Nicole Oresme was one of the most original and influential thinkers of the fourteenth century. He is best known for his mathematical discoveries, his economic theories, as well as his vernacular translations of cosmological and ethical texts that were undertaken at the request of King Charles V. This volume sheds light on the beginning of Oresme's scientific activity at the University of Paris (ca. 1340 – ca. 1350), a period of his intellectual career about which little is known. Over the course of this decade, Oresme lectured on many Aristotelian texts on natural philosophy, such as the Physics, On the Heavens, On generation and corruption, Meteorology, and On the Soul. Oresme's commentaries on Aristotle's Meteorology count among his only unpublished texts. This volume presents the first critical edition of books I-II.10 of the second redaction of Oresme's Questions on Meteorology. The edition is preceded by a historical and philological introduction that discusses the context of Oresme’s scientific career and examines the manuscript tradition.
Author: André Goddu

review essays 348 NICOLE ORESME AND MODERNITY ANDRÉ GODDU Stonehill College Ulrich Taschow. Nicole Oresme und der Frühling der Moderne . Die Ursprünge unserer modernen quantitativ-metrischen Weltaneignungsstrategien und neuzeitlichen Bewusstseins- und Wissenschaftskultur . 2 vols. (Halle: Avox

In: Early Science and Medicine
Author: Hansen

his commentary on Aristotle’s Physics , Nicole Oresme (c. 1320-1382) propounds a very specific theory of the ontological status of accidents. Characteristic of Oresme’s view on accidents is that he does not consider them accidental forms, but only so- called condiciones or modi of the substance. Unlike

In: Vivarium

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI : 10.1163/157338209X425551 Early Science and Medicine 14 (2009) 186-210 www.brill.nl/esm e Debate over the Nature of Motion: John Buridan, Nicole Oresme and Albert of Saxony. With an Edition of John Buridan’s Quaestiones super libros Physicorum

In: Early Science and Medicine
Among the commentaries on Aristotle's Physics produced by medieval masters in the 14th Century Oresme's is one of the most interesting. The main problems of natural philosophy (motion, time, intension and remission of forms) as well as cognitive and ontological issues are widely discussed. Oresme proposes original solutions to most of these topics, based on an original view concerning the relationship between substance and its properties ( condicio/condiciones, modi rerum); Oresme’s solutions are always associated with sharp criticism of the two main philosophical schools: the realists (Walter Burley) and the nominalist (William Ockham). This commentary is a very valuable record of the philosophical discussions at Paris in the midst of the 14th Century.
Author: Anselm Oelze

souls. But what happens if one questions this difference? What if human and nonhuman souls are very much the same? In the fourteenth century in particular, these questions were raised and addressed by authors such as John Buridan and Nicole Oresme. Both of them explicitly sympathised with the view

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In: Animal Rationality
Author: Anselm Oelze

souls. But what happens if one questions this difference? What if human and nonhuman souls are very much the same? In the fourteenth century in particular, these questions were raised and addressed by authors such as John Buridan and Nicole Oresme. Both of them explicitly sympathised with the view that

In: Animal Rationality