1 Introduction Since 2011 and the fall of Gaddafi’s regime in Libya, the European Union (EU) has increasingly been turning its attention to the Southern neighbouring country of Niger to curb irregular migration through the Central Mediterranean route. 1 The multiplication of EU funded migration

In: European Journal of Migration and Law
Author: Anne Haour

The site of Garumele (Widi, Republic of Niger) has many times been described, not least because of its alleged connection to the early Kanem-Borno polity: it is said to have served as a capital after Njimi was abandoned, and before Birnin Gazargamo was built. But Garumele had never been subjected to systematic archaeological excavation, while in contrast neighbouring sites in Nigeria, with apparently a shared history, have been well studied in the past decades and detailed and systematic analyses made of the ceramics excavated. Accordingly, preliminary archaeological work was initiated at Garumele in 2005, with special attention to issues of ceramic traditions and chronology. This paper presents an overview of the research undertaken and the results of the pottery analysis. The latter are considered in relation to assemblages of the wider region in order to suggest how Garumele may fit, culturally and chronologically, within Kanem-Borno’s activities.

In: Journal of African Archaeology

Projet SAHEL, a multidisciplinary project, was initiated to investigate long-term patterns of human occupation in the environmentally sensitive and archaeologically under- researched Sahel. This paper outlines an initial field survey carried out in this context in December 2004, in the Mékrou Valley, Parc W, Niger. This pilot study incorporated specialists in Palaeolithic and historic archaeology, and aimed to refine our understanding of the chronology and nature of the occupation of this area, an occupation already known from earlier work by other researchers to have been extensive. On the Palaeolithic front, Projet SAHEL carried out sampling aimed at assessing the potential for OSL dating of the Pleistocene sediments lining the Mékrou Valley — dating remains the major unknown in this sequence — and explored questions linked with raw materials procurement and the pattern of Pleistocene landscape use. On the historical front, Projet SAHEL carried out the first systematic collection of ceramic material, and obtained dates on an iron-working episode which allowed the cross-checking of radiocarbon and optically stimulated luminescence dating and extends the known time-depth of iron-working in the area.

In: Journal of African Archaeology
Authors: Anne Haour and Ruth Galpine

This article considers pottery sherds from three sites in the Makarauci Valley, Niger, dating from AD 1300-1650, with particular focus on tempering practices. The sherds represented two main types: plain vessels with minerals providing a natural temper, and decorated (mainly pleated strip roulette) vessels tempered with vegetal fibres, now burnt out. There is a very strong correlation between this fibre-tempered fabric and decoration. As the contemporaneity of dates suggests both types of clay were available to the potters, the question arises as to why they used fibre-tempered clays for the manufacture of decorated vessels. We consider evidence for fibre-tempering from around the world and suggest that the answer lies in a combination of cultural and technological factors. Decoration served as the marker of a vessel designed for water storage and carrying, and the decoration disguised the pitted and blemished surface of fibre-tempered pots; the porous fabric meant the vessels were lighter to carry and therefore better suited for water transport.

In: Journal of African Archaeology

forms Salafi reform has taken in a context in which preaching has become an avenue for creating publics, a mobilizing force for Muslim politics, and a major expressive form in urban Niger. In fact, Sunnance wazu has given way to new modes of sociality in an ever-changing urban landscape in Niamey. As I

In: Journal of Religion in Africa
Politics, Economy and Society 2008-2017
This volume provides an overview of political and socioeconomic developments in Niger during the last ten years. Besides demonstrating the structural continuities in the politics of Niger, its society and economy, it goes into some of the fundamental changes that the country experienced in this period. Thus, it discusses the end of the Mamadou Tandja era, the beginning of oil production, the new Islamist insurgencies and the threat to Niger’s security, the chronic difficulties in food production and the growth of authoritarianism in Mahamadou Issoufou’s government.

In early September 2009, I asked a young woman I had seen at several nightly sermons in Niamey, Niger, why she attends such gatherings. She paused and replied rhetorically: “Haven’t you noticed that I am Sunnance? Don’t you know that the Sunna brought all of us here? You know what the Sunna

In: Islamic Africa
Author: Norris, H.T.

(la République du Niger), Etat de l’Afrique occidentale, ancienne colonie française devenue indépendante en 1960.

Republic of Niger République du Niger Capital: Niamey (Population estimate, 2015: 1 million) Head of State:Mahamadou Issoufou National Flag: Three horizontal stripes, orange, white and green. The white charged with an orange disc. ConstitutionFormerly part of French West Africa, Niger became

Author: Grace N. Mburu

Niger is a West African country with an estimated population of 19.2 million people. Though Niger is technically a secular state, 98% of its population professes the Islamic faith. Muslims are approximately 95% Sunni and 5% Shi’ite. Other religions represented in Niger include Catholicism and the

In: Encyclopedia of Law and Religion Online