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Author: G.L. Penrose

specialists in our field. R a l p h T. Fisher, J r . University o f Illinois at U r b a n a - C h a m p a i g n T h o m a s J. Barfield. The P e r i l o u s F r o n t i e r : Nomadic Empires a n d China. Cambridge and Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989, xiii, 325 pp. $39.95. This fine book is a fresh and

In: Russian History

The article deals with the relationship of such concepts as the world-system and civilisation, both living independently and co-existing in time and space. World-systems and civilisations may be forced to unite into hyper-systems, or world-empires of different kind—self-sufficient, militarist-parasitic, and mixed type. Militarist empires-parasites can be settled and nomadic. Nomadic or bivouac empires are empires-armies, which exist only in movement. Stopping leads either to the death of the empire-army, or to the transformation into one but usually several stationary empires, mostly also militarist-parasitic.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Turko-Persian Politics and Acculturation in Medieval Iran
Author: Maria Subtelny
How did the the descendants of Tamerlane, collectively known as the Timurids, make the transition from a nomadic empire to a sedentary polity based on the Perso-Islamic model , and what effect did the process of transition have on their Turko-Mongolian customs and identity? This volume seeks to answer these questions by utilizing the Weberian concepts of the “routinization” of charismatic authority and the patrimonial household state.
Focusing on the period of the last Timurid ruler, Sulṭān-Ḥusain Bayqara (1469–1506), the author examines the impact of the introduction of Persian modes of bureaucratic administration on the evolution of Timurid government and describes the development of the agrarian economy of the eastern Iranian province of Khorasan through the Islamic institution of the pious endowment.
Based on an exceptionally broad range of sources in Persian, Arabic, and Turkic languages, the book provides a new paradigm for understanding the Timurids within the framework of post-Mongol history and offers fresh insights into Turko-Persian relations and the problem of acculturation in medieval Iran.
Eighteen authors from 10 countries offer an assessment of the role of ideology in the emergence and development of early states. In a comparative perspective the significance of ideology in the processes that led to formation of states in Europe, Africa, Meso-America and Polynesia is discussed by specialists in the fields of anthropology, history and archaeology. Special attention is given to subjects such as the concept of ideology, regional comparison, the reconstruction of ideologies on the basis of archaeological data, gender relationships, coercion, legitimacy, sacred kingship, and ideology and change (in an introductory chapter) and a concluding discussion.
The findings of this volume will not only be of interest to anthropologists, historians and archaeologists, but to all those interested in the complex interaction of ideological and political developments.
Author: Istvan Zimonyi
The Jayhānī tradition contains the most detailed description of the Magyars/Hungarians before the Conquest of the Carpathian Basin (895). Unfortunately, the book itself was lost and it can only be reconstructed from late Arabic, Persian and Turkic copies. The reconstruction is primarily based on the texts of al-Marwazī, Ibn Rusta and Gardīzī. The original text has shorter and longer versions. The basic text was reformed at least twice and later copyists added further emendation. This study focuses on the philological comments and historical interpretation of the Magyar chapter, integrating the results in the fields of medieval Islamic studies, the medieval history of Eurasian steppe, and the historiography of early Hungarian history.

978-601-7312-79-4. In Russian. Bazarov, B.V. and N.N. Kradin, Nomadic Empires of Eurasia in Archaeological and Interdisciplinary Studies. IVth International Congress on Medieval Archaeology of Eurasian Steppes, Dedicated to the 100th Anniversary of the Russian Academic Archaeology . Vol. I- II

In: Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia
Author: Nicola Di Cosmo

to the history of the “nomadic empires” of northern East Asia. It was certainly not an isolated “fl uke” of history. Chinggis Khan and his successors employed a variety of people in their service, in particular civil administrators. Th is class of people included in the fi rst place the Kitan and other

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
Author: Ralph T. Fisher

detailed index of s o m e 3,000 entries, it seems destined n o t merely to be admired but also to be consulted repeatedly by specialists in our field. R a l p h T. Fisher, J r . University o f Illinois at U r b a n a - C h a m p a i g n T h o m a s J. Barfield. The P e r i l o u s F r o n t i e r : Nomadic

In: Russian History
Author: Yihong Pan

and cultural areas: Mongolia, North China, Manchuria, and Turkestan.” 7 The agricultural society of North China was in sharp contrast to that of Mongolia, whose environment gave rise to nomadic pastoralism and a series of powerful nomadic empires. Manchuria comprised several ecological zones, leading

In: T'oung Pao