Many phonetic and phonological observations can be conveniently recast in terms of theories of linguistic preference and natural generative phonology (cf. Hooper 1976), notably in terms of the approach of Vennemann (1983, 1988), which was applied to Semitic by Edzard (1991). OptimalityTheory
assumption that CL is all about mora conservation (cf. Hayes 1989 and several others) — their deletion should not induce lengthening. Second, CL is an instance of opacity, and opacity is the single biggest conundrum that OptimalityTheory faces. This paper addresses both issues and suggests that CL should
Many phonetic and phonological observations can be conveniently recast in terms of theories of linguistic preference and natural generative phonology. OptimalityTheory, originally proposed by Prince and Smolensky (1993), offers a formal means of capturing the ‘constraint ranking’ implicit in the
This entry will show how OptimalityTheory (OT hereafter; Prince and Smolensky 1993) may be applied to the phonology of Modern Hebrew, treating the spirantization of the bgdkpt consonants as a case study. Modern Hebrew spirantization is characterized by alternation in pronunciation of the
clusters are smaller than syllables, the SSP is not reduced to a mere tendency (Keydana, 2012: 103). However, Keydana has formulated his analysis in OptimalityTheory ( OT ), a major tenet of which is that all constraints are potentially violable, therefore violations of the SSP are predicted to be
This paper argues that interpretations are fine-grained and that, to come to a full understanding of meaning, it is important to find out more about how such detailed interpretations are derived. As a first step towards answering this question it is insightful to look at the interpretation of metaphors. Psycholinguistic experiments have shown that the interpretation of metaphors involves the suppression of irrelevant or incompatible features. These studies could be taken as an indication against the common view that word meanings are underspecified and enriched in a context. In contrast with this underspecification view, this paper suggests a view of the lexicon in which words come with very rich semantic representations. When two representations are combined, a conflict may arise when elements of the representations are incompatible. This paper argues that such a conflict is best analyzed in Optimality Theory. The optimization process of combining rich lexical representations is illustrated with an analysis of the adjective-noun combination stone lion.
phonological requirements. Such analyses may be interpreted as supporting OptimalityTheory, with its violable constraints and intermingling of morphology and phonology. 1 ‘Al-kitab’ is a comprehensive study about Standard Arabic that deals with different phonological issues. 2 One reason we use [ RTR ] is
-eastern dialects (Tarifiyt, Iznassen and Figuig). Adopting a constraint-based approach using OptimalityTheory ( OT ) as a main framework (Prince and Smolensky, 1993/2004; McCarthy and Prince, 1993a, 1995, 1999; Kager, 1999; McCarthy, 2002, 2007, 2008 and others), we will be building up on the work in Bensoukas
Reconciling Indo-European Syllabification, Adam Cooper brings together two seemingly disparate phenomena associated with Indo-European syllable structure: the heterosyllabic treatment of medial consonant clusters, which tolerates CVC syllables, and the right-hand vocalization of sonorants, which ostensibly avoids them. Operating from a perspective that is simultaneously empirical, theoretical, and historical in nature, he establishes their compatibility by crafting a formal analysis that integrates them into a single picture of the reconstructed system.
More generally, drawing on evidence from Vedic, Greek, and Proto-Indo-European itself, Cooper demonstrates the continued relevance of the ancient Indo-European languages to contemporary linguistic theory, and, moreover, reaffirms the value of the syllable as a unit of phonology, necessary for these languages’ formal representation.