and the OttomanEmpire regarding Southeastern Europe throughout the centuries of Ottoman rule. If Southeastern Europe is the puma in Pavić’s analogy, the two men holding the ropes are western Europe and the OttomanEmpire during the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. Their roles as
the political agenda with ensuing construction or restoration. In this sense the OttomanEmpire is often evaluated as the most innovative and practical of the Islamic dynasties.
Over time one of the largest components of the non-Muslim population of the OttomanEmpire was settled in Galata on the
and permanency were also important. 1 A great wave of migration took place in the Ottoman period before World War I when the empire was beginning to dissolve as populations resettled after the establishment of many new states.
During the OttomanEmpire, many Anatolian cities became political