Nematology , 2005, Vol. 7(2), 179-191 Responses of nematode community structure to pesticide treatments in an arid ecosystem of the Negev Desert S. P EN -M OURATOV and Yosef S TEINBERGER ∗ Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel Received: 1 March 2003; revised: 10
Lizards used as bioindicators to monitor pesticide contamination in sub-Saharan Africa: A review Michael R.K. Lambert 1 Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich at Medway, Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK 1 Deceased. Correspondence to A. Hailey, Department of Life
., Fournier, M. 2003. Effects of agricultural pesticides on the immune system of Rana pipiens and on its resistance to parasitic infection. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 22: 1127-1133.
Christin, M. S., Menard, L., Gendron, A. D., Ruby, S., Cyr, D., Marcogliese, D. J., Rollins-Smith, L., Fournier, M. 2004
of toxic chemicals on these systems. Various approaches that can link amphibian exposure to pollutants with immune suppression and susceptibility to infections, as well as to population declines, are discussed. Key words : Amphibians; amphibian parasites; immunotoxicology; pesticides; Rana pipiens
rely on chemical insecticides, mainly fipronil. They also use a herbicide (glyphosate) and a fungicide (sulphur) to control weeds and citrus black spot ( Guignardia citricarpa ), respectively (ESCiP-Benin, 2012). Although intensive pesticide use has increased crop production, the long-term and highly
CIPAC aims to promote the international agreement on methods of analysis of pesticides used in crop protection.Chairman: Dr Ralf Hanel (Germany)Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council (CIPAC), E-mail: email@example.com, URL: http://www.cipac.org...
; pesticides; ship source pollution; carbon leakage; eco-design. I. Policy . Nature Conservation Ecosystems On November , Environment Commissioner Stavros Dimas under- lined the importance of valuing ecosystems. 2 Nature provides us with free ser- vices like clean air, fresh water, food materials and
; frog; pesticides; risk assessment; toad; toxic metals. Introduction Amphibian populations have been declining for several reasons, some stemming di- rectly from human activities and others related to climate change (Pounds, 2001). These include: habitat destruction, chemical pollution, acid rain