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Author: Muhammad Ayish

Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 3 (2010) 9–25 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI 10.1163/187398609X12584657078448 MEJCC Arab State Broadcasting Systems in Transition Th e Promise of the Public Service Broadcasting Model Muhammad I. Ayish , Professor College

In: Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
Author: Richard Lucas

Supporting public service broadcasting in Azerbaijan Richard Lucas 1 In the contemporary world of media pluralism old state broadcasters in post- Soviet and other transitional societies are still wrestling with the challenge of transforming themselves into modern public service broadcasters

In: Helsinki Monitor
Author: Peter Humphreys


The article is concerned with the impact on public service broadcasting of the European Union (EU). It begins by explaining that, for various reasons, EU audiovisual policy is biased towards ‘negative integration’, namely market liberalisation and the direct exercise of extensive competition powers. This ‘de-regulatory’ bias has been seen by some as a threat to public service broadcasting. The paper examines the implications for public service broadcasting of two important lines of EU policy: 1) the EU’s policy response to the digital ‘convergence’ of broadcasting, telecommunications and IT; and 2) the EU’s handling of competition complaints from the commercial sector against public service broadcasters about their involvement in new media markets (including Internet).

In: Media and Cultural Policy in the European Union
Author: Bouziane Zaid

: Transaction Publishers. Carey, J.W. (1975). Communication and Culture. Communication Research 2: 173–191. Collins, R. 2004. ‘Ises’ and ‘Oughts:’ Public Service Broadcasting in Europe. In R.C. Allen and A. Hill (eds.), The Television Studies Reader . New York: Routlege. Croteau, D. and W

In: Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
In: Tilburg Law Review

This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge regarding the relationship between media and diasporic identity formation by moving beyond the notion of Muslim women as a uniform group and questioning the dichotomy of the West versus Islam. To investigate the (versatility of the) relationship between media, culture and (re)created collective identities, focus group interviews were carried out with Muslim women with Turkish, Moroccan and Flemish roots, all living in Flanders. They were shown a number of news items representative of public service broadcasting and commercial television newscasts that were analyzed for the representation of ethnic minorities, followed by focus group discussions. The results demonstrate the diversity and hybridity within the Muslim women’s identities—with religious, ethnic and cultural aspects mediating the reception of these media texts resulting in a ‘polyphony’ of Muslim identities.

In: Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication
Author: Donald Reid

In New Zealand the state has always been a dominant actor in the ownership and governance of broadcasting, and the orthodox tropes perpetuated by public service broadcasting have reflected the state’s role in society. Since the establishment of television in 1960, to the de-regulation of broadcasting in 1989, the state held a monopoly over New Zealand terrestrial television. Despite a commercial imperative within the governance structure of the state broadcaster, television’s initial period was typified by a paternalistic ethos, with educative and high culture values being significant in programming and scheduling decisions. From the 1980s the paternalism that typified New Zealand broadcasting has gradually given way to production modes and programming that represents diversity and social inclusion, thanks, in part, to new gate-keeping and funding mechanisms created when the industry was deregulated in 1989. However, given these mechanisms remain part of the state media structure, the programming produced still must comply with a predetermined set of criteria – this includes not only form and subject matter, but also elements inherent in the broadcast and reception of terrestrial commercial media: schedule constraints and the necessity to provide ratings-friendly programming. In this chapter I examine the state media gatekeeping systems - and the texts those systems produce - as a particular form of governmentality. I argue that multicultural representation (as part of the contemporary ethos of public broadcasting in New Zealand) equates to a set of discursive guidelines that reduce cultural difference into a singular national narrative.

In: Boundaries: Dichotomies of Keeping in and Keeping Out
The areas of media and cultural policy offer a unique prism through which to understand wider processes of European integration. Questions of European identity, citizenship and community or polity-building clearly resolve themselves as questions of the (non-)emergence of a European ‘communicative space’. At the same time, as a more specific area of policy study, the role which has or may be played by the European institutions themselves in the fostering of such a ‘communicative space’ raises questions as to both the effectiveness and the legitimacy of their interventions. This volume in the European Studies series brings fresh, interdisciplinary insight into this relatively understudied area, making the case for a renewed look at the trajectory of cultural and media policies in the EU.
Distinctively, the collection offers a historical and socio-political analysis of major media policies in the European Union, allowing for the contextualisation of recent developments; turns its attention to areas largely neglected by scholarly publishing, such as the press, the culture of the newsroom, and the role of media in an enlarged Europe; and addresses media and cultural policies as an interrelated part of EU construction, through questions of identity and political representation.
Media and Cultural Policy in the European Union will be of interest to scholars and students of Cultural and Media Studies, European Studies, and European Integration, as well as appealing to broader Social Science audiences concerned with the politics and policy of cultural diversity.

areas of media law and policy, public service broadcasting, digital rights, development communication and critical media studies. He is author of Public Service Television Policy and National Development in Morocco: Contents, Production, and Audiences , and co-author of the online report Mapping

In: Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication

Sakr Articles Arab State Broadcasting Systems in Transition Th e Promise of the Public Service Broadcasting Model 9–25 Muhammad I. Ayish, Professor Pan-Arab Satellite Television and Arab National Information Systems: Journalists’ Perspectives on a Complicated Relationship 26–42 Augusto Valeriani ‘Going

In: Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication