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Author: Carlo G. Cereti

geographic or historical significance; I shall focus here rather on the few occurrences of this ethnonym, which either refer to identifiable events or have a general interest from a geographic point of view. One of the best known descriptions of Turkestān in Pahlavi literature is the following passage

In: Journal of Persianate Studies
Author: Götz König

Since the Hellenistic times (if not earlier) Iran participates in the philosophical development of classical Greece. In the times of the Sasanians some knowledge of Aristotelian and Neo-Platonic thinking is detectable, and treatises were written for Xosrō I by philosophers who were well acquainted with the writings of Aristotle. It was always maintained that also Sasanian Zoroastrianism was affected through these Greek-Iranian contacts. But it is remarkable that among the Zoroastrian writings of the 9th-10th centuries only two books–Dēnkard 3 and Škand Gumānīg Wīzār–seem to be substantially influenced by Aristotelian/Neo-Platonic terms and concepts. The paper deals with the question whether the Greek elements within these texts should not better be understood as the fruit of a Zoroastrian participation in the general interest of the Islamic world in Greek thinking in Abbasid Baghdad.

In: Iran and the Caucasus

The article provides a literary analysis of three Middle Persian tales: the Story of Jōišt ī Friyān, the Memorial of Zarēr, and the Explanation of Chess and the Invention of Backgammon. Similar to most works of Zoroastrian narrative literature, composed in the late Sasanian and early Islamic era, they are based on oral traditions and contain numerous references to personalities and events also familiar from other Iranian sources. But, different from comparable stories belonging to the same context and time, they are thematically closely interwoven with the Zoroastrian cosmological myth. The reason for this striking intertextual connection is sought in their authors’ intent to provide didactic narratives for religious instruction to an audience hoping for eschatological deliverance from social oppression and spiritual evil.

In: Iran and the Caucasus

likely has a scriptural origin. The conversation between Zoroaster and Ohrmazd might have occurred during a ham-pursagīh “consultation, conference”. According to Pahlavi literature, Zoroaster had seven meetings with Ohrmazd from whom he received the divine revelation, the dēn (see Hultgård 1983

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In: Annali Sezione Orientale
Author: Askar Bahrami

Until recently, it was a common thought that followers of the Prophet Muhammad never have been mentioned in Middle Persian texts by their real name. The only known use of the term Muslim(s) found at the turn of the century in the 5th book of Dēnkard, has been enriched by two new attestations identified in the Pahlavi texts Nāmagīhā ī Mānūščīhr and Zand-ī Wahman Yasn.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
In: Zoroastrian Rituals in Context
Author: Bruce Lincoln
In Religion, Culture, and Politics in Pre-Islamic Iran, Bruce Lincoln offers a vast overview on different aspects of the Indo-Iranian, Zoroastrian and Pre-Islamic mythologies, religions and cultural issues. The book is organized in four sections according to the body of evidence they engage most directly: Avestan, Old Persian, Pahlavi, and Iranian materials in comparison with other data, including studies of myths, especially those with cosmogonic implications, ritual practices, cosmological constructions of space and time, points of intersection between religion, ethics, law, and politics, ideological aspects of scientific and medical theorizing, social organization and gender relations, and other diverse topics. Abstract Th e present article surveys some relevant developments of conceptualizations of hell in the R ̣ g-Veda, the Avestan corpus and the Middle Persian (Pahlavi) literature of the Zoroastrians, where hell is more extensively discussed. Th e article concludes by look- ing at the belief in heaven and

In: Numen

Pahlavi literature. K e y w o r d s ib-Qir n , Lord of the Auspicious Conjunction, Il-Khan, Mughal, Ottoman, Safavid, Titular, Amir Hamza D EFINING THE HIB -Q IR N AND ITS E ARLY U SES Beginning with the Persian classical lexicography, the term ib-qir n is known for its implications of important planetary

In: Iran and the Caucasus