[In the online version of this paper Figure 1–12 & 13–18 are reproduced in colour.] INTRODUCTION Neotropical forests are among the richest in the world, and Panama (Central America) is a key area to study factors that promote high biodiversity in a small region. Paleobotanical studies contribute an

In: IAWA Journal

them. Thus, the entire history of these reports is laid out in Table 1 . Our own observations ( Table 2 ) were made in three general areas of the Republic of Panama: Panama City (immediately east of the Panama Canal); the town of Arraiján (just west of the Canal watershed); and Cocle

In: Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews
Author: Mirko Forti

The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (hereinafter the Tribunal) has recently issued a judgment on the preliminary objections raised by Italy about the admissibility of the M/V “Norstar” case. The M/V “Norstar”, an oil tanker flying the flag of Panama, was engaged from 1994 to 1998 in

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
Author: Robert Aguirre
The relationship between straits and interoceanic canals has always been ambiguous. Unlike straits, interoceanic canals are neither natural nor subject to a universal legal regime like the Law of the Sea. However, straits and interoceanic canals share comparable historical experiences due to their geographic similarities.

Suspending interest in a purely legal analysis, The Panama Canal lets logic yield to experience and considers the Panama Canal as an “artificial strait.” The volume recasts the dynamic events that have changed the Panama Canal in the context of three interactive elements: environments, flows, and territoriality. Cleverly deciphering from history how changes in one element led to changes in another, The Panama Canal suggests a considerably new perspective for viewing the canal’s past and future.

Section in Chapter 9: The United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean, 1900-1941 Colby, Elbridge. "American Powers in Panama." Current History 13 (March 1921): 449-53. A former U.S. Army intelligence officer claims that American troops in the Chiriqui Province of Panama have carried out police

In: The SHAFR Guide Online

Republic of Panama República de Panamá Capital: Panama City (Population estimate (metropolitan area), 2015: 1.4 million) Head of State:Juan Carlos Varela Rodriguez (President) Vice President: Isabel St Malo de Alvarado National Flag: Quartered, first and fourth white, second, red, third, blue; the

With about 3.8 million inhabitants, the Republic of Panama is one of the smaller nations in the Americas, and its population is especially devout. Due to the nation’s history of continuous immigration and its geographic location in Central America, people from different places with different

In: Encyclopedia of Law and Religion Online

The first signs of human settlement on the land mass now called Panama (whose indigenous name means “abundance of fish”) are thought to be 10,000 years old. Panama’s modern history began in 1501, when Spaniard Rodrigo de Bastidas sailed along its Caribbean coast. One year later Christopher Columbus

In: The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online

[German Version] The Republic of Panama, at the southeast end of Central America, has an area of 77,082 km2; two mountain ranges run through it. At its narrowest point, the Panama Canal links the Pacific and Atlantic. Panama includes 116 islands in the Pacific and 630 in the Atlantic. The

In: Religion Past and Present Online
Author: Carreira Pitti

247 Panama Maritime Litigation at the Panama Canal On 7 September 1977, the Republic of Panama and the United States signed the Panama Canal Treaty. The agreement provided for increasing Panamanian participation in canal-related activities to conclude with the turning over of control of the

In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law