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Miriam Lindgren and Ronny Vollandt

With * its date 328 ah (939–940 ce ) MS Sinai-Arabic 2 (hereafter MS S2), today preserved at St Catherine’s monastery, contains the earliest dated representative of the Pentateuch and a very early version of the book of Daniel in Arabic. The manuscript brings together in the most natural way

Pentateuchal Traditions in the Late Second Temple Period

Proceedings of the International Workshop in Tokyo, August 28-31, 2007


Edited by Akio Moriya and Gohei Hata

The main theme of the collected essays is expressed clearly in the following statement by Eugene Ulrich in the beginning of his article: What was the state of the Pentateuch during the Second Temple period? Was it basically complete and static at the time of Ezra, or was it still developing in substantial ways? To pursue this main theme, the International Workshop on the Study of the Pentateuch with special emphasis on textual transmission history in the Hellenistic and Roman period was held on August 28-31, 2007 in Tokyo. Fifteen papers were read and discussed enthusiastically in the workshop, and they were later revised based on the discussion for this volume. Those who are interested in the Dead Sea Scrolls will find the recent scholarly trend in this volume.

Ian W. Scott

CONTENTS Ian W. Scott, Revelation and Human Artefact: The Inspiration of the Pentateuch in the Book of Aristeas ....................................................... 1 Paul Heger, 1 Enoch —Complementary or Alternative to Mosaic Torah? .... 29 Pnina Stern, Life of Josephus : The Autobiography

Sabine Schmidtke

Saʿadya Gaon’s Arabic rendering of the Pentateuch. 5 ʿAlā al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Muḥammad al-Bājī (d. 714/1315), an Egyptian scholar, discusses in his Kitāb ʿalā l-Tawrāh , a work primarily directed against Christianity, numerous incidents of alleged contradictions in the Pentateuch. 6 As Camilla Adang has

Alexander Rofé

Remnants of the pentateuchal books Genesis-Numbers found in Qumran Cave 4 were adeptly deciphered and published in djd 12 by Frank Moore Cross and his disciples back in 1994. 1 Four eminent scholars reviewed this publication in the years 1996–98: Edward Herbert, Daniel Falk, Timothy Lim, and

Ilona Steimann

object, a Hebrew Pentateuch belonging to the Nuremberg city council that was recently discovered together with a fifteenth-century Jewry-oath attached to one of its leaves. 3 These conjoined items are able to shed a unique light on contemporary Jewish and Christian conceptions of the sacredness of

Liane M. Marquis

or require commitment to any particular theory of the development of the Pentateuch. This analysis will be made by examining Numbers 32 on its own and looking at the contradictions inherent therein. After a close examination of these narrative inconsistencies, contradictions and doublets, I will

Joel S. Baden

of Exodus 1-2 is a compilation of three originally independent narratives belonging to the pentateuchal sources J, E, and P. The text of Exodus 1-2 is divided source-critically, and each individual narrative analyzed on its own terms. Each of these stories contains specific narrative claims that are


Edited by J.A. Emerton

This collection of thirteen articles in English by scholars from several countries concerns questions in the Pentateuch. Seven are on the book of Genesis: the use of 'ādām in Genesis i-v; the Toledot of Adam; Genesis x in the light of Babylonian geography; the site of Salem; the date and composition of Genesis xiv; Abraham's righteousness in Genesis xv 6; the Hagar tradition in Genesis xvi and xxi. Three are on Deuteronomy: "Yahweh is one"; return to Egypt in Deuteronomy xvii 16 and xxviii 68; the creed in Deuteronomy xxvi. There are also essays on the Elohistic depiction of Aaron; the wilderness itineraries and recent archaeological research; and the dietary laws of the Pentateuch. Substantial contributions are made to the study of different parts of the Pentateuch.

Jacques Vermeylen

in such circumstances, he therefore produced propaganda documents, in order to convince opinion leaders to rally to his cause. His scribes composed the Pentateuch, using a number of existing documents: an older story already including dtr and P components in the books of Genesis, Exodus and Numbers