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Author: Richard Foltz

The role of Iranian merchants in the maritime trade of the Indian Ocean basin from antiquity up to the 16th century is often underestimated. From scholarly histories to popular culture the “Muslim sailor” is typically portrayed as being an Arab. In fact, from pre-Islamic times the principal actors in Indian Ocean trade were predominantly Persian, as attested by the archaeological data, local written records, and the names of places and individuals.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Author: Rene Barendse
The Western Indian Ocean in the Eighteenth Century is the first of four volumes offering a sweeping panorama of the Arabian Seas during the early modern period. Focusing on the period 1700-1763, the first volume concentrates on daily life in littoral societies, examining long term issues including climatic change, famine, and the structures of fishing communities. The volume examines littoral societies in each of the major coastal areas of the Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, the Red Seas, the Persian Gulf, and its traditional ties to surrounding hinterlands as well as to the west coast of India. While having particular interest to readers concerned with Indian Ocean history, as an absorbing and innovative account of a much neglected albeit critical area and period, Arabian Seas, 1700-1763 will be of great interest to anyone interested in early modern maritime, social, or economic history.

Kings, Gangsters, and Companies, volume two of Arabian Seas, 1700-1763 focuses on European relations with the major states and societies of the Western Indian Ocean during the eighteenth century. As such, it traces the major structural changes in African, South Asian, and Middle Eastern societies during this period. Chapters examine European communities and their relations with the societies of the Indian Ocean basin, the daily life of European soldiers and merchants, relations with Indian women, European views on the Indian caste system as well as the governmental systems they encountered. The volume also details the importance of Indian and Persian merchant communities in the Indian Ocean trading system and the impact of war on the economic development of this system during the eighteenth century.

Men and Merchandise, the third volume of Arabian Seas, 1700-1763, provides a detailed examination of the economic and social structures in the Western Indian Ocean focusing on key commodities like bullion, textiles, and the slave trade. Readers will also encounter interesting vignettes of daily life: an Indian nautch girl worried about her inheritance, a Portuguese gangster-friar and pariah workers, the infamous buccaneers of Madagascar, coffee-traders from Yemen, Cairo, and the Crimea, and Iraqi and Iranian bankers who all had relevance to this vast economic system. Men and Merchandise provides insights into other traditionally ignored aspects in the traditional historiography including uprisings aboard slave ships, and details of maroon societies involving refugee slaves in India and Mauritius as well as Dutch slave soldiers in the Persian Gulf. As such, it will prove of great interest to any reader concerned with the social and economic history of the Indian Ocean basin.

Europe in Asia, the fourth volume and final volume in Arabian Seas, 1700-1763, details the early phase of European territorial empire building in the western Indian Ocean basin. Particular attention is given to the much neglected history of the Portuguese Estado da India and the attempts of the Portuguese Crown to reform its administration and dwindling possessions in the eighteenth century. The volume examines the direct legacies of the longstanding Portuguese imperial presence in the Arabian Seas, including the experiences of Indian Catholic communities as well as the establishment of Indian settlements and communities in East Africa. Finally, the volume provides an exhaustive treatment of the structures and history of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and English East India Company (EIC), the establishment of the vast private country trade of the EIC, and the reasons for the relative decline of the VOC and the rise of English power in the region during the eighteenth century.

Tamil came into contact with Arabic through two different routes roughly corresponding to the routes by which Islam was transmitted to South India, although the spread of Arabic vocabulary at times occurred independently of processes of Islamization. One route involved the Arab and Persian

consideration about how the nineteenth-century quarantine system evolved from the eighteenth-century version implemented in Astrakhan to address both Ottoman and Persian merchants arriving across the Caspian at Russia’s borders would only be more intriguing. While the book’s accomplishments are clear, there

In: Canadian-American Slavic Studies
Author: Kwangmin Kim

-African relations “before the Europeans” illuminates is that this was not a contained story of Chinese-African relations at all. The real protagonist was not directly mentioned by Wyatt, though indirectly alluded to, namely the Islamic world—especially, Arab and Persian merchants. The timeline of Chinese

In: Journal of Early Modern History

rich by selling a load of juicy oranges in a mysterious country in Southeast Asia. He then finds a huge turtle shell on an uninhabited island and brings it back to China as a souvenir, despite the mockery of his fellow sailors. He does not realize how much it is really worth until he meets a Persian

In: NAN NÜ
Author: Robert W. Olson

strike new coins for the lack of silver. The silver which was on the market soon fell into the hands of Persian merchants who took it to Persia where it was minted into the Abbasi, a silver coin: 1) Persian merchants apparently played a significant role in reducing the value of the akge and in

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
Author: Rudi Matthee

Romanov court in 1676. He recorded the presence in Moscow of a "Persian" merchant, the "brother of the Persian ambassador in Poland," who had a "rather good knowledge of the Russian language." Another Persian merchant encountered by Coyet conversed with the Dutch in Italian." Yet overall, their role in

In: Journal of Early Modern History
Author: Huili Zheng

merchant. 57 Amazed by a huge diamond in Nie’s possession, the ­Persian merchant asks how he obtained the diamond as such rare treasures can be found only in France. Nie replies that “if Chinese treasures can be dispersed overseas, why would treasures of French royal household not come to my hands

In: NAN NÜ
Author: Surendra Gopal

Indian dependence on Armenians increased, there was considerable logic in it. The Indian, Bukharan and Persian merchants were prohibited from moving out of Astrakhan and were to be sent to Astrakhan from the various cities of the Russian empire where they might be found. Only the Armenians were exemp

In: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient