Pleistocene Hystrix (Hystricidae, Rodentia) from
Eurasia with notes on the evolution of the family
D.J. van Weers
Zoological Museum Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94766, 1090 GT Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
Key words: Porcupines, Asia, evolution, Europe, paleogeography
during periods of favourable climatic conditions in the Pleistocene. The research initiated by the discovery has revealed numerous traces of hominin activity. These hominins inhabited an ancient savannah landscape, using the resources provided by its meagre braided streams. During the research it became
after Chavaillon & Piperno 2004); b) diagnostic features of sectioned hippo footprints along an excavation wall at Gombore II -2 (2013).
The excavations have shown that this area was intensely frequented by humans during the Pleistocene and the Holocene. Dozens of archaeological layers – Oldowan
A Pleistocene amphisbaenian from Sicily Massimo Del no Earth Sciences Department and Museum of Natural History (Section of Geology and Paleontology), Florence University, Via La Pira 4, I-50121 Florence, Italy e-mail: del firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract. Recent analysis of the fossil herpetofauna
Long-term historical events, such as postglacial recolonization from different glacial refuges, may influence genetic population structure, phenotypic divergence and reproductive isolation among species (Taberlet, 1998 ; Hewitt, 2000 ; Kitano et al., 2007 ). The Pleistocene
780,000-year-old wood of the Early/Middle Pleistocene, from excavations at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in the Dead Sea Rift, was examined anatomically. Twenty-eight genera of trees, shrubs, and climbers have been botanically identified. The most common among them were Fraxinus, Quercus, Olea, Salix, Pistacia, and Ulmus. Most of the identified plants represent typical Mediterranean vegetation. Remnants of almost all the identified species are still found in the region today, in spite of the dramatic changes that took place in the Holocene through the intervention of man. One species, however, could not be identified with wood anatomical data of European, Middle Eastern, or North African species. It appears to be a species that is extinct in this region.
le matériel et les méthodes utilisées lors du ‘The Messak
Project’ et, dans un deuxième temps, nous exposerons une
vue d’ensemble du paysage archéologique du Messak à la
lumière des plus récentes avancées.
Keywords: Messak, Libya, Cultural Heritage Management, Pleistocene, Holocene
plethora of mtDNA-based biogeographical hypotheses available can now be tested and fine-tuned (e.g. Spinks et al., 2014; Dufresnes et al., 2020).
MtDNA phylogeography has illuminated the impact of the Pleistocene Ice Age’s climate cycles on intraspecific biodiversity, with the overarching pattern in
Journal of African Archaeology Vol. 2 (2), 2004, pp. 165-185 165
SIZE AND SIZE CHANGE OF THE AFRICAN AUROCHS DURING
THE PLEISTOCENE AND HOLOCENE
Plusieurs hypothèses concernant la taille du buf sauvage
en Afrique ont été testées en utilisant principalement des don-