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Invoking the Prophet Muhammad through Word, Sound, and Image

Verbal, Vocal, and Visual Images in the Religious Arts of Islam

Sheila Blair

Islam is a religion of the word. The central miracle of the faith is that God sent down a revelation to the Prophet Muhammad during the opening decades of the seventh century CE in the Hijaz, the region around the cities of Mecca and Medina in western Arabia. That revelation, delivered in the

Brannon Wheeler

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/156852710X501342 Numen 57 (2010) 341–388 Gift of the Body in Islam: The Prophet Muhammad’s Camel Sacrifice and Distribution of Hair and Nails at his Farewell Pilgrimage Brannon Wheeler United States Naval Academy, Center for Middle

Sabine Schmidtke

I. Biblical predictions of the advent of the Prophet Muĥammad are rarely adduced in the theological writings of Muʿtazilite authors and those who referred to them clearly considered this to be a secondary strategy at best. 1 Zaydī Muʿtazilites were less hesitant than their Sunnī counterparts


Christiane Gruber


This short contribution explores the history of depictions of the Prophet Muhammad in Islamic traditions at the same time as it tackles responses to the 2015 ISIS attacks on the offices of Charlie Hebdo in Paris. It aims to show that devotional images of the Prophet have not been historically prohibited in Islamic lands through an analysis of pre-modern jurisprudential texts. The explicit “ban” is instead a distinctly contemporary phenomenon particular to conservative, in particular Saudi-Salafi, spheres. Moreover, a long and rich tradition of prophetic iconography has thrived in Turkish and Persian lands. Such figural representations are examined in order to demonstrate how Muhammad has fulfilled a range of religious, cultural, and social needs over the centuries. After the Danish cartoon controversy of 2005-6, images of Muhammad blossomed once again in Iran, where the government supported a range of artistic efforts to retrieve his legacy and praise his status as the Messenger of God. Thus, while a number of Muslim and non-Muslim discourses promoting an ostensible “ban” of images of the Prophet were loudly present during the 2005-6 and 2015 cartoon controversies, such discourses should be considered essentially a contemporary innovation begotten by ideological and political contestations unfolding on the international stage today.

Cristina De La Puente

THE PRAYER UPON THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD (TASLIYA): A MANIFESTATION OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOSITY CRISTINA DE LA PUENTE Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid ABSTRACT This article is a study of the supererogatory prayer called tasliya, uttered by the believer after the name of the

C.E. Bosworth

A DRAMATISATION OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD'S LIFE: HENRI DE BORNIER'S MAHOMET BY C. E. BOSWORTH University of Manchester I Henri, Vicomte de Bornier ( I82s-IgoI ), is a dramatist held in no great esteem by modern critics of French literature, but one who achieved a considerable reputation in his

Karen Ruffle

( sabr ), and faith ( imān ). Third, Fatima’s impassioned speech claiming her right to inherit the orchards at Fadak is rooted in her status as Mohammad’s daughter and, more importantly, as a Muslim woman. Keywords Fatima al-Zahrā, Prophet Muhammad, Fadak, Hyderabad, dowry, father-daughter relationship

Mohd Abd Wahab Fatoni bin Mohd Balwi, Ahmad Sufian bin Che Abdullah and Asmuliadi Lubis

a new one; it existed at the time of and was practiced by Prophet Muhammad ( SAW ) and his companions. Some forms of ḥisba seen during the time of Prophet Muhammad ( SAW ) are described in the hadiths and, based on these, it is clear that Prophet Muhammad ( SAW ) either implemented the ḥisba on