differences. The 2 For an analysis of the evidence bearing on the date of ʿ Ut ̠ mān’s standardization, see Mah ̣ mūd Rāmyār, Tārīh ̮ -i Qur ʾ ān , 2nd ed., Tehran, Amīr Kabīr, HS 1362/1983, p. 433-5; cf. Ahmad ʿ Ali al-Imam, Variant Readings of the Qur’an , Herndon, Virginia, International Institute of
Behnam Sadeghi and Uwe Bergmann
̠ h, 1427/2006, p. 132-4. For example, some said that the words kallā and yā ayyuhā l-nās occur in Meccan sūra s, while yā ayyuhā llad ̠ īna āmanū occurs in Medinan sūra s. For the Weil-Nöldeke chronology, verse length was a key criterion. See Gustav Weil, “An Introduction to the Quran. III
The Qurʾān Concordance is part of the subscription to Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān Online, and is presented as a separate but connected title.
Nadeem Haque and Al-Hafiz Basheer Ahmad Masri
espoused by the Qur’ ān and others is that the source of its knowledge and precepts (the Qur ʾ ān itself ) is claimed to be without any inconsistencies, and it challenges all sentient entities to that effect (see Qur’ān 4:82). 4. All translations of passages from the Qur ʾ ān are the authors’. 5. The word
Some Problems in English Translations of the Qurʾān with Reference to Rhetorical Features
Khalid Yahya Blankinship
Historical and Literary Investigations into the Qurʾānic Milieu
Edited by Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai and Michael Marx
This title is available as paperback.
Muhammad Abdel Haleem
The Qurʾān conformed to Arab speech: it provided the reason for codifying Arabic grammar and stylistics and was used as a criterion for these disciplines. It was in order to make sure that all Muslims, especially non-Arabs, could read the Qurʾān accurately that Arabs began to think of writing down
[German Version] The Qurʾān (Arab. qurʾān, “recitation”) is a collection of messages proclaimed as divine revelations by the Prophet Muḥammad between 620 and 632, initially to his neighbors in Mecca and after 622 to a growing following in Medina. In its final redaction, which goes back to the